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Table 1 Selected socio-demographic sample characteristics of participants

From: Women’s status and experiences of mistreatment during childbirth in Uttar Pradesh: a mixed methods study using cultural health capital theory

  Quantitative survey Focus group discussions
N = 392 N = 26
Age (mean +/- SD) 25.3 years (3.1) 24.9 years (3.1)
 Less than 20 years 19 (4.9 %) 1 (3.9 %)
 20 – 24 years 134 (34.2 %) 9 (34.6 %)
 25 – 30 years 239 (60.9 %) 16 (61.5 %)
Religion
 Hindu 269 (68.62 %) 13 (50.0 %)
 Muslim 123 (31.8 %) 13 (50.0 %)
Class
 Scheduled class 131 (33.4 %) 2 (7.7 %)
 Schedule tribe 46 (11.7 %) 2 (7.7 %)
 Other backwards caste 159 (40.6 %) 22 (84.6 %)
 Other 56 (14.3 %) 0 (0.0 %)
Currently married 390 (99.5 %) 26 (100.0 %)
Age at marriage (mean +/- SD) 17.2 years (2.4) 15.5 years (4.0)
 Less than 13 years 11 (3.1 %) 7 (26.9 %)
 13 – 18 years 289 (73.7 %) 15 (57.7 %)
 19 – 25 years 91 (23.2 %) 3 (11.5 %)
 26 – 30 years 0 (0 %) 1 (3.9 %)
Number of household members (mean +/- SD) 4.8 members (1.7) 5.4 members (3.2)
Number of births (mean +/- SD) 2.1 births (1.1) 2.7 births (1.3)
Educational attainment
 None/illiterate 143 (36.5 %) 14 (53.9 %)
 Primary 148 (37.8 %) 7 (26.9 %)
 Secondary or higher 101 (25.8 %) 5 (19.2 %)
Wealth quartile
 Poor 77 (19.7 %) -
 Lower middle 88 (22.5 %) -
 Upper middle 101 (25.8 %) -
 Rich 125 (32.0 %) -
Site of delivery for most recent birth
 Government hospital 82 (20.9 %) -
 Primary health center 196 (50.0 %) -
 Private hospital 82 (20.9 %) -
 Private clinic 32 (8.2 %) -
Accompanied to delivery
 Husband 344 (87.8 %) -
 Mother-in-law 177 (45.2 %) -
 Mother 191 (48.7 %) -
 Sister 116 (29.6 %) -
 Friend 137 (34.9 %) -
 Other 92 (23.5 %) -