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Table 4 End of pregnancy and birth outcomes in our study population

From: Maternal Near Miss and quality of care in a rural Rwandan hospital

  No severe complication (%) Potentially life-threatening conditions (%) Maternal near miss cases (%) Maternal deaths (%) All women
  3922 332 86 13 4353
End of pregnancy
 Vaginal Delivery 2344 (59.8) 113 (34.1) 18 (20.9) 7 (53.8) 2482 (57.1)
 Vacuum Extraction 156 (3.9) 37 (11.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 193 (4.4)
 Cesarean section 1277 (32.6) 125 (37.7) 37 (43) 3 (23.1) 1442 (33.1)
 Complete abortion, vacuum aspiration/curettage 94 (2.4) 33 (9.9) 7 (8.1) 0 (0.0) 134 (3.1)
 Laparotomy for ruptured uterus 0 (0.0) 3 (0.9) 11 (12.8) 1 (7.7) 15 (0.3)
 Women discharged or died still pregnant 17 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (15.4) 19 (0.4)
 Laparotomy for ectopic pregnancy 34 (0.9) 21 (6.3) 13 (15.2) 0 (0.0) 68 (1.6)
 Cesarean section ratea n/a (33.8) n/a (45) n/a (56.1) n/a (27.3) n/a (34.9)
 Preterm Birth 268 (7.1) 32 (11.5) 5 (7.6) 2 (18.1) 307 (7.4)
 Fresh Stillbirth 46 (1.2) 5 (1.8) 6 (9.1) 3 (27.3) 60 (1.5)
 Macerated Stillbirth 76 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (9.1) 77 (1.9)
 Perinatal deathb 107 (2.83) 17 (6.1) 6 (9.1) 5 (45.5) 130 (3.1)
  1. aCesarean deliveries divided by all deliveries/bFetal deaths + intra hospital early neonatal mortality