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Table 3 Neonatal outcomes

From: Cardiotocography in breech versus vertex delivery: an examiner-blinded, cross-sectional nested case-control study

  Breech deliveries n = 108 Vertex deliveries n = 108 P value
n or mean % or range n or mean % or range  
1 min Apgar      <0.001
 - Less than 4 11 10.2 3 2.8  
 - 4–6 22 20.4 4 3.7  
 - 7 or more 75 69.4 101 93.5  
5 min Apgar      0.408
 - Less than 4 None   None   
 - 4–6 4 3.7 2 1.9  
 - 7 or more 104 96.3 106 98.1  
Umbilical cord pH 7.23 6.80, 7.46 7.27 7.05, 7.42 0.007
Cord pH ≤ 7.10 10 9.5 2 1.9 0.015
Cord pH ≤ 7.00 2 1.9 None   0.162
NICU admittance 4 3.7 4 3.7 1
Perinatal infection 10 9.3 6 5.6 0.299
Any illness or need for monitoring 24 22.2 16 14.8 0.161
Birthweight 3280 1935, 4350 3600 2320, 4670 <0.001
  1. Legend: Comparison between breech and vertex intended vaginal deliveries in a Finnish tertiary hospital, 2007–2009