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Table 3 Association between pharmaceutical/lifestyle characteristics and detection of Ureaplasma, Candida, and Mycoplasma spp. at recruitment (n = 189)a

From: Ureaplasma parvum genotype, combined vaginal colonisation with Candida albicans, and spontaneous preterm birth in an Australian cohort of pregnant women

Question Ureaplasma spp. p-value Candida spp. p-value Mycoplasma spp. p-value
Yes
(n = 89)
No
(n = 100)
Yes
(n = 73)
No
(n = 116)
Yes
(n = 25)
No
(n = 164)
Current antibiotic, antifungal or probiotic use? 1 (1 %) 7 (7 %) 0.045 3 (4 %) 5 (4 %) 0.947 1 (4 %) 7 (4 %) 1.000
Ever diagnosed with a UTI? 32 (36 %) 43 (43 %) 0.296 30 (41 %) 45 (39 %) 0.789 8 (32 %) 67 (41 %) 0.387
Ever diagnosed with thrush? 40 (46 %) 51 (51 %) 0.448 34 (47 %) 57 (49 %) 0.798 10 (42 %) 81 (49 %) 0.479
Current smoker? 13 (15 %) 8 (8 %) 0.149 13 (18 %) 8 (7 %) 0.020 5 (20 %) 16 (10 %) 0.165
Previous smoker? 33 (37 %) 17 (17 %) 0.002 22 (31 %) 28 (24 %) 0.351 11 (44 %) 39 (24 %) 0.036
Currently consumes alcohol? 1 (1 %) 3 (3 %) 0.624 2 (3 %) 2 (2 %) 0.642 1 (4 %) 3 (2 %) 0.438
Previously consumed alcohol? 48 (54 %) 60 (61 %) 0.355 39 (53 %) 69 (60 %) 0.374 14 (56 %) 94 (58 %) 0.875
Current frequency of sexual intercourse?
  < 1 week 20 (23 %) 22 (23 %) 0.018 14 (20 %) 28 (24 %) 0.715 3 (12 %) 39 (24 %) 0.001
 1–2 times/week 38 (43 %) 58 (60 %)   37 (52 %) 59 (51 %)   8 (32 %) 88 (55 %)  
  ≥ 3 times/week 31 (35 %) 17 (18 %)   20 (28 %) 28 (24 %)   14 (56 %) 34 (21 %)  
  1. a wk week; bold type indicates statistical significance (p < 0.05)