Skip to main content

Table 2 The pregnancy outcomes of the 178 included patients

From: Co-morbidity of cervical incompetence with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) negatively impacts prognosis: A retrospective analysis of 178 patients

  Total
(n = 178)
CI
PCOS(n = 80) Non-PCOS(n = 98) p
Onset gestational age \( \left(\overline{x}\pm s\right) \) 23.9 ± 4.3 22.3 ± 3.8 25.1 ± 4.1 <0.01a
Termination gestational age \( \left(\overline{x}\pm s\right) \) 32.5 ± 5.5 31.2 ± 5.7 33.6 ± 5.1 <0.01a
Pregnancy outcomes (n/%)
 Miscarriage 40(22.5) 25(31.3) 15(15.3) 0.03b
 Preterm birth 82(46.0) 35(43.2) 47(48.0)
 Term birth 56(31.5) 20(25.0) 36(36.7)
Pregnancy outcomes 2 (n/%)
 Miscarriage (less than 24 weeks) 16(22.5) 12(15.0) 4(4.1) 0.02b
 Preterm birth 106(46.1) 48(60.0) 58(59.2)
 Term birth 56(31.5) 20(25.0) 36(36.7)
 Cervical cerclage 89(50.0) 45(56.3) 44(44.9) >0.05
  1. aIndependent samples t test
  2. b Chi-square test
  3. 1Miscarriage was defined as foetal delivery at <28 weeks of gestational age
  4. 2 Miscarriage was defined as foetal delivery at <24 weeks of gestational age