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Table 3 Conditions contributing to maternal death identified by a panel of experts using ICD-MM

From: Measuring maternal mortality using a Reproductive Age Mortality Study (RAMOS)

ICD-MM code ICD-MM name Frequency (% of total)
Obstructed Labour
 064 Obstructed labour due to malposition and mal-presentation of the fetus 23 (17.8 %)
 065 Obstructed labour due to maternal pelvic abnormality 16 (12.4 %)
 066.3 Obstructed labour due to other abnormalities of the fetus (hydrocephalus) 2 (1.6 %)
 064, 065 Septic shock and obstructed labour 1 (0.8 %)
 075.1, 064.2 Septic shock, obstructed labour due to face presentation and prolonged labour 1 (0.8 %)
Prolonged Labour
 063.9, 075.1 Prolonged labour and septic shock 9 (7.0 %)
 063 Prolonged second stage of labour 13 (10.1 %)
Anaemia
 Morbidity Severe anaemia 15 (11.6 %)
 Morbidity Severe anaemia and heart failure 2 (1.6 %)
 Morbidity, 066 Severe anaemia and obstructed labour 2 (1.6 %)
Complications of Caesarean Section
 075 Infected caesarean section wound, peritonitis 4 (3.1 %)
 86.0 Infected caesarean section wound and septic shock 4 (3.1 %)
HIV
 098.7 HIV positive 6 (4.7 %)
 Morbidity Tuberculosis infection 1 (0.8 %)
Other Obstetric complications
 030 Multiple gestation 8 (6.2 %)
 042 Premature rupture of membranes 7 (5.4 %)
 084.4 Grand multiparity 2 (1.6 %)
 062.3 Precipitate labour 2 (1.6 %)
 075 Haemorrhagic/hypovolemic shock 9 (7.0 %)
 7075.1 Septic shock 2 (1.6 %)
Total   129 (100 %)