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Table 4 Associations between bacterial vaginosis and adverse outcomes among preterm infants (less than 37 weeks gestation), Washington State, 2003-2013, adjusted for gestational age, maternal age, and maternal race (N = 975)

From: Bacterial vaginosis and adverse outcomes among full-term infants: a cohort study

  BV exposed BV unexposed RR 95 % CI aRR 95 % CI
N = 267 N = 708     
n % n %     
Assisted ventilation at birth 51 19.1 94 13.3 1.44 1.05–1.96 1.23 0.89–1.73
Admission to NICU at birth 124 50.4 246 36.0 1.40 1.20–1.64 1.24 1.04–1.46
Neonatal sepsis 47 17.6 82 11.6 1.52 1.09–2.11 1.31 0.91–1.89
Fetal Mortality 21 7.9 21 3.0 2.65 1.47–4.78 1.25 0.67–2.33
Infant mortality 17 6.9 21 3.1 2.26 1.21–4.22 1.10 0.66–1.84
  1. BV bacterial vaginosis, RR risk ratio, aRR adjusted risk ratio, CI confidence interval, NICU neonatal intensive care unit