Skip to main content

Table 4 Odds ratios for private sector (compared with public sector) institutional delivery at four sites, by asset index, maternal education, age, and gravidity

From: Institutional delivery in public and private sectors in South Asia: a comparative analysis of prospective data from four demographic surveillance sites

  Bangladesh rural 1 Bangladesh rural 2 Nepal rural India rural India urban
OR (95 % CI) aOR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) aOR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) aOR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) aOR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) aOR (95 % CI)
Asset index
 Poorest 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Poor 1.69 (1.32, 2.17) 1.51 (1.17, 1.95) 1.54 (1.22, 1.95) 1.36 (1.07, 1.74) 0.72 (0.55, 0.94) 0.73 (0.56, 0.96) 0.71 (0.49, 1.03) 0.81 (0.55, 1.20) 1.17 (0.99, 1.38) 1.21 (1.02, 1.43)
 Least poor 2.87 (2.33, 3.55) 2.16 (1.72, 2.72) 2.35 (1.91, 2.90) 1.71 (1.37, 2.13) 0.80 (0.62, 1.04) 0.84 (0.64, 1.10) 0.50 (0.36, 0.70) 0.71 (0.49, 1.02) 2.03 (1.78, 2.33) 2.02 (1.76, 2.33)
Maternal education
 No schooling 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Primary 1.31 (0.99, 1.74) 1.17 (0.87, 1.57) 1.18 (0.84, 1.64) 1.12 (0.80, 1.59) 0.88 (0.65, 1.18) 0.90 (0.67, 1.22) 1.06 (0.55, 2.05) 1.15 (0.58, 2.27) 0.82 (0.61, 1.08) 0.84 (0.63, 1.12)
 Secondary 2.52 (1.96, 3.26) 1.96 (1.47, 2.62) 2.96 (2.18, 4.01) 2.46 (1.77, 3.41) 0.85 (0.68, 1.07) 0.90 (0.71, 1.14) 0.47 (0.34, 0.65) 0.49 (0.34, 0.70) 0.84 (0.73, 0.97) 0.81 (0.70, 0.94)
 Higher 7.44 (4.23, 13.11) 4.39 (2.44, 7.90) 7.95 (4.5, 14.06) 5.47 (3.03, 9.90) 0.32 (0.07, 1.39) 0.33 (0.07, 1.47) 0.21 (0.10, 0.42) 0.27 (0.12, 0.57) 1.55 (1.25, 1.93) 1.25 (0.99, 1.57)
Maternal age
  < 20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 20–24 1.45 (1.14, 1.84) 1.37 (1.07, 1.77) 1.13 (0.89, 1.43) 1.18 (0.91, 1.53) 1.23 (0.97, 1.57) 1.10 (0.84, 1.44) 1.07 (0.72, 1.58) 1.06 (0.70, 1.60) 1.25 (1.00, 1.58) 1.33 (1.05, 1.69)
 25–29 1.60 (1.23, 2.08) 1.81 (1.32, 2.47) 1.16 (0.90, 1.51) 1.41 (1.02, 1.95) 1.46 (1.11, 1.93) 1.17 (0.83, 1.66) 0.81 (0.53, 1.24) 0.67 (0.41, 1.12) 1.55 (1.23, 1.96) 1.75 (1.35, 2.25)
 30–34 1.40 (1.02, 1.91) 1.76 (1.21, 2.56) 1.16 (0.84, 1.59) 1.43 (0.97, 2.11) 1.07 (0.68, 1.68) 0.79 (0.47, 1.30) 0.88 (0.49, 1.57) 0.63 (0.32, 1.23) 2.08 (1.59, 2.73) 2.40 (1.78, 3.22)
 35+ 1.16 (0.78, 1.72) 1.74 (1.10, 2.75) 0.69 (0.45, 1.06) 1.20 (0.73, 1.97) 1.74 (0.98, 3.11) 1.32 (0.71, 2.46) 0.93 (0.41, 2.11) 0.55 (0.22, 1.33) 2.69 (1.84, 3.94) 3.10 (2.08, 4.64)
Gravidity
 Primigravid 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Multigravid 0.90 (0.77, 1.05) 0.83 (0.67, 1.02) 0.78 (0.66, 0.93) 0.77 (0.62, 0.97) 1.42 (1.17, 1.73) 1.32 (1.03, 1.70) 1.17 (0.89, 1.55) 1.31 (0.92, 1.87) 0.93 (0.82, 1.05) 0.78 (0.68, 0.90)
  1. OR odds ratio, aOR adusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. Covariates included in adjusted models: asset index, maternal education, age, gravidity