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Table 1 Frequency distribution of complications

From: Medication utilization pattern for management of pregnancy complications: a study in Western Nepal

Complication   1st trimester (%) 2nd trimester (%) 3rd trimester (%) Total (%)
Alimentary tract and metabolism (n = 73) Acid reflux disease 2 (0.7 %) 8 (2.9 %) 10 (3.6 %) 20 (7.3 %)
Constipation 0 2 (0.7 %) 2 (0.7 %) 4 (1.5 %)
Diabetes mellitus 0 1 (0.4 %) 0 1 (0.4 %)
Diarrhoea 1 (0.4 %) 1 (0.4 %) 1 (0.4 %) 3 (1.1 %)
Hyperemesis gravidarum 5 (1.8 %) 0 0 5 (1.8 %)
Irritable bowel disease 0 0 1 (0.4 %) 1 (0.4 %)
Loss of appetite 0 2 (0.7 %) 0 2 (0.7 %)
Nausea/Vomiting 15 (5.5 %) 17 (6.2 %) 8 (2.9 %) 40 (14.5 %)
Blood and blood Anemia 1 (0.4 %) 0 0 1 (0.4 %)
Forming organs (n = 16) PV bleeding 5 (1.8 %) 0 9 (3.3 %) 14 (5.1 %)
Thrombocytopenia 0 0 1 (0.4 %) 1 (0.4 %)
Cardiovascular (n = 6) Pre-eclampsia 0 0 6 (2.2 %) 6 (2.2 %)
Dermatologicals (n = 7) Itching 0 2 (0.7 %) 5 (1.8 %) 7 (2.5 %)
Endocrinological (n = 6) Hypothyroidism 1 (0.4 %) 0 4 (1.5 %) 5 (1.8 %)
Pituitary adenoma 0 0 1 (0.4 %) 1 (0.4 %)
Genito-urinary (n = 20) PV discharge 0 0 8 (2.9 %) 8 (2.9 %)
Urinary tract infection 5 (1.8 %) 6 (2.2 %) 8 (2.9 %) 19 (6.9 %)
Anxiety 0 1 (0.4 %) 1 (0.4 %) 2 (0.7 %)
Depression 0 1 (0.4 %) 0 1 (0.4 %)
Nervous (n = 85) Epilepsy 1 (0.4 %) 0 1 (0.4 %) 2 (0.7 %)
Fever/Headache 2 (0.7 %) 2 (0.7 %) 6 (2.2 %) 10 (3.6 %)
Pain* 0 15 (5.5 %) 52 (18.9 %) 67 (24.4 %)
Psychosis 0 1 (0.4 %) 0 1 (0.4 %)
Tingling sensation 1 (0.4 %) 1 (0.4 %) 0 2 (0.7 %)
Asthma 0 2 (0.7 %) 1 (0.4 %) 3 (1.1 %)
Respiratory (n = 29) Pneumonia 0 0 1 (0.4 %) 1 (0.4 %)
Tuberculosis 1 (0.4 %) 0 0 1 (0.4 %)
Upper respiratory infections** 5 (1.8 %) 6 (2.2 %) 13 (4.7 %) 24 (8.7 %)
Sensory (n = 1) Dry eye 0 1 (0.4 %) 0 1 (0.4 %)
Edema 1 (0.4 %) 3 (1.1 %) 5 (1.8 %) 9 (3.3 %)
Loss of pregnancy 7 0 2 (0.7 %) 9 (3.3 %)
Various (n = 32) Oligohydramnios 0 0 1 (0.4 %) 1 (0.4 %)
Polyhydramnios 0 0 1 (0.4 %) 1 (0.4 %)
Weakness 0 2 (0.7 %) 0 2 (0.7 %)
Total   53 (19.3 %) 74 (26.9 %) 148 (53.8 %) 275 (100 %)
  1. *total 67 pain complications seen were: abdominal pain (14), back pain (18), lower abdominal pain (30), neck pain (2), pelvic pain (3)
  2. **upper respiratory tract infections consisted of cough cold and sore throat