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Table 3 Characteristics of qualitative BBA cases (+partner)

From: Poverty, partner discord, and divergent accounts; a mixed methods account of births before arrival to health facilities in Morogoro Region, Tanzania

Case Case 1. Neema (+Abasi) Case 2. Aisha (+Jamil) Case 3. Subira (+Mosi) Case 4. Mwajuma
 Parity 4 7 4 4
 Age range 35–39 40–44 35–39 25–29
 Marital status Married Married Married Married
 Education level Primary complete Some primary Some primary None
 Husband education Primary complete None Some primary None
 Place of previous deliveries Health facility Health facility Disputed Home
Subira: Two BBAs; 1 home delivery
Mosi: Home
 Distance to facility (km) ≤3 ≤15 >15 >15
 Antenatal visits (#) 2 >4 2–3 (unclear) 4
 Referral for delivery No Yes No No
 Time between woman’s statement of desire to depart and departure 1–2 h 2–4 h Disputed 1–2 h
Subira: left for facility before labor started
Mosi: reports home delivery
 Mode of transport to facility Bicycle Foot, Bus Bicycle Foot
 Escort to facility Husband Disputed Disputed Mother-in-law, Sister
Aisha: Sister-in-Law Subira: other pregnant woman
Jamil: himself and his sister Mosi: n/a
 Who was present at birth Disputed Disputed Disputed Mother-in-law, Sister, Sister-in-Law
Neema: alone Aisha: sister-in-law, bus riders Subira: a pregnant friend
Abasi: husband present Jamil: self, sister-in-law, bus riders Mosi: their teenage daughter
 Birth location On the side of a dirt road, near thorny bushes Public bus Disputed Sister-in-law’s house
Subira: stranger’s house
Mosi: own house
 Delivery complications Mother fell unconscious Vaginal tearing None mentioned None mentioned