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Table 6 Reported health problems ≥ 3 month and < 6 months postpartum

From: The prevalence of women’s emotional and physical health problems following a postpartum haemorrhage: a systematic review

References Thompson et al. (2011) [27]
Number of participants n = 171
Anxiety: State Trait Anxiety Inventory (median) 10
Depression: Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale > 12 21 (13 %)
Post-traumatic stress disorder: PCL > 44 5 (3 %)
Health Status: SF36 ‘somewhat worse than 1 year ago’ 51 (30.7 %)
Health Status: SF36 ‘much worse than 1 year ago’ 10 (6 %)
Physical problems:
 i. Painful perineum (vaginal births only) 25/100 (25 %)
 ii. Perineal infection (vaginal births only) 0
 iii. Pain at CS site (CS births only) 29/60 (48.3 %)
 iv. CS wound infection (CS births only) 5/61 (8.2 %)
 v. Uterine infection 4 (2.4 %)
 vi. Urinary tract infection 6 (3.7 %)
 vii. Stress urinary incontinence 42 (25.6 %)
 viii. Constipation 39 (24 %)
 ix. Incontinence of faeces 5 (3 %)
 x. Incontinence of flatus 26 (16.1 %)
 xi. Breast infection/ mastitis 22 (13.6 %)
 xii. Backache 99 (60 %)
 xiii. Headache (frequent) 51 (30.9 %)
 xiv. Physical exhaustion 87 (52.7 %)
Re-admission Reasons: 4 (2 %)
 i. Bleeding/ Retained of products of conception 2/4
 ii. Post-natal depression 1/4
 iii. Cholecystitis 1/4
  1. CS caesarean section