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Table 3 Comparative analysis of measures between the ethnic minority aggregate and the White reference group

From: Who is distressed? A comparison of psychosocial stress in pregnancy across seven ethnicities

  White reference group Aggregate of ethnic minorities  
  Symptomatica n (%) Normal n (%) Symptomatic n (%) Normal n (%) X 2 (df = 1)
Social Support (N = 3318) 256 (9.8) 2363 (90.2) 201 (28.8) 498 (71.2) 167.370*
Depression (N = 3141) 148 (5.9) 2342 (94.1) 64 (9.8) 587 (90.2) 12.390*
State Anxiety (N = 3080) 420 (17.0) 2044 (83) 141 (22.9) 475 (77.1) 11.299*
PSSb at <25 weeks (N = 3311) 513 (19.7) 2093 (80.3) 204 (28.9) 501 (71.1) 27.989*
PSS at 35 (±1) weeks (N = 2899) 489 (21.2) 1813 (78.8) 168 (28.1) 429 (71.9) 12.871*
Emotional Health (N = 3353) 275 (10.4) 2360 (89.6) 121 (16.9) 597 (83.1) 22.300*
Physical Health (N = 3353) 371 (14.1) 2264 (85.9) 154 (21.4) 564 (78.6) 23.200*
  1. *p ≤ .001
  2. aSymptomatic = above clinical cut-off scores
  3. b PSS perceived stress scale