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Table 1 Characteristics of women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy

From: The burden of maternal morbidity and mortality attributable to hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: a prospective cohort study from Uganda

Characteristics All participants Severe preeclampsia Eclampsia Chronic hypertension HELLP syndrome p-value
n = 403 n(%) n = 218 n(%) n = 172 n(%) n = 4 n(%) n = 9 n(%)
Age category (years)       <0.001
 Age <19 45 (11.2) 7 (3.2) 37 (21.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (21.2)  
 19–35 168 (41.7) 89 (40.8) 74 (43.0) 1 (25.0) 4 (44.4)
 <36 190 (47.1) 122 (56.0) 61 (35.5) 3 (75.0) 4 (44.4)
Parity       0.017
 Primipara 167 (41.4) 83 (38.1) 78 (45.3) 1 (25.0) 5 (55.5)  
 Para2-4 176 (43.7) 99 (45.4) 74 (43.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (33.3)
 Parity 5 or higher 60 (14.9) 36 (16.5) 20 (11.7) 3 (75.0) 1 (11.2)
Referral status       0.493
 Yes 265 (65.8) 141 (64.7) 113 (65.7) 3 (75.0) 8 (88.9)  
 No 138 (34.2) 77 (35.3) 59 (34.3) 1 (25.0) 1 (11.1)
ΩTiming of complications       0.907
 Occurred prior to admission 183 (45.4) 101 (46.3) 76 (44.2) 2 (50.0) 4 (44.4)  
 Occurred prior to admission and new complications occurred after admission 137 (34.0) 71 (32.6) 60 (34.9) 2 (50.0) 4 (44.4)
 Occurred after admission 83 (20.6) 46 (21.1) 36 (20.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (22.2)
Mode of delivery       0.001
 Vaginal 90 (22.3) 33 (15.1) 51 (29.6) 1 (25.0) 5 (55.5)  
 Caesarean delivery 294 (73.0) 175 (80.3) 113 (65.7) 3 (75.0) 4 (44.5)
 Vacuum extraction 19 (4.7) 14 (14.6) 5 (4.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Severe maternal outcomes       0.001
 Yes 162 (40.2) 84 (38.5) 144 (83.7) 4 (100.0) 9 (100.0)  
 No 241 (59.8) 134 (61.5) 28 (16.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Maternal death       0.009
 Yes 20 (5.0) 7 (3.2) 13 (7.6) 0 (0.0) 2 (22.2)  
 No 383 95.0) 211 (96.8) 157 (92.4) 4 (100.0) 7 (77.8)
  1. Ω Timing of complication in relation to admission