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Table 2 Mortality among registry births ≥1500 g pre-post HBB intervention

From: A pre-post study of a multi-country scale up of resuscitation training of facility birth attendants: does Helping Babies Breathe training save lives?

  All Registry Births ≥ 1500 g Registry Births ≥ 1500 g in HBB Trained Facilities
Pre n/N (Rate/1000) Post n/N (Rate/1000) Estimatesa of Pre-Post Differences in Mortality Rates (95 % CI) P Pre n/N (Rate/1000) Post n/N (Rate/1000) Estimatesa of Pre-Post Differences in Mortality Rates (95 % CI) P
Total
 Perinatal deaths 848/35,539 (23.9) 802/35,076 (22.9) −0.14 (−3.15, 2.86) 0.92 386/15,205 (25.4) 374/15,974 (23.4) 2.34 (−3.11, 7.80) 0.39
 Fresh stillbirths 393/35,595 (11.0) 330/35,109 (9.4) 1.38 (−0.61, 3.37) 0.17 191/15,232 (12.5) 152/15,985 (9.5) 3.75 (−0.21, 7.70) 0.06
 Death by day 1b 660/35,539 (18.6) 620/35,076 (17.7) −0.02 (−2.51, 2.48) 0.99 295/15,205 (19.4) 297/15,974 (18.6) 0.81 (−3.65, 5.26) 0.72
 Early neonatal death by day 7 455/35,146 (12.9) 472/34,746 (13.6) −1.53 (−3.79, 0.73) 0.18 195/15,014 (13.0) 222/15,822 (14.0) −1.41 (−5.45, 2.64) 0.49
Kenya
 Perinatal deaths 232/8947 (25.9) 202/8494 (23.8) 1.03 (−5.66, 7.71) 0.75 124/3223 (38.5) 98/3477 (28.2) 11.71 (0.39, 23.03) 0.04
 Fresh stillbirths 155/8972 (17.3) 114/8510 (13.4) 2.92 (−2.21, 8.04) 0.24 83/3235 (25.7) 57/3481 (16.4) 11.27 (0.95, 21.59) 0.03
 Death by day 1 204/8947 (22.8) 183/8494 (21.5) 0.25 (−5.69, 6.19) 0.93 108/3223 (33.5) 92/3477 (26.5) 8.09 (−2.05, 18.24) 0.11
 Early neonatal death by day 7 77/8792 (8.8) 88/8380 (10.5) −1.89 (−4.92, 1.14) 0.20 41/3140 (13.1) 41/3420 (12.0) 0.52 (−4.40, 5.43) 0.83
Nagpur, India
 Perinatal deaths 209/9483 (22.0) 239/9768 (24.5) −2.92 (−8.05, 2.21) 0.25 103/4038 (25.5) 130/4367 (29.8) −4.11 (−14.05, 5.82) 0.40
 Fresh stillbirths 88/9514 (9.2) 90/9784 (9.2) 0.08 (−2.88, 3.04) 0.95 47/4053 (11.6) 57/4373 (13.0) −1.27 (−6.80, 4.26) 0.64
 Death by day 1 145/9483 (15.3) 168/9768 (17.2) −2.11 (−5.91, 1.69) 0.26 71/4038 (17.6) 102/4367 (23.4) −5.07 (–12.57, 2.43) 0.17
 Early neonatal death by day 7 121/9395 (12.9) 149/9678 (15.4) −3.05 (−7.53, 1.44) 0.17 56/3991 (14.0) 73/4310 (16.9) −2.96 (−12.79, 6.88) 0.54
Belgaum, India
 Perinatal deaths 407/17,109 (23.8) 361/16,814 (21.5) 2.17 (−2.28, 6.62) 0.32 159/7944 (20.0) 146/8130 (18.0) 1.05 (−4.94, 7.04) 0.71
 Fresh stillbirths 150/17,109 (8.8) 126/16,815 (7.5) 1.48 (−1.21, 4.17) 0.26 61/7944 (7.7) 38/8131 (4.7) 2.49 (−0.78, 5.76) 0.13
 Death by day 1 311/17,109 (18.2) 269/16,814 (16.0) 2.33 (−1.58, 6.25) 0.22 116/7944 (14.6) 103/8130 (12.7) 0.87 (−3.88, 5.63) 0.70
 Early neonatal death by day 7 257/16,959 (15.2) 235/16,688 (14.1) 0.73 (−3.50, 4.96) 0.72 98/7883 (12.4) 108/8092 (13.3) −1.39 (−5.42, 2.64) 0.47
  1. a Estimated mean differences obtained from a mixed model with cluster as a random factor and time period as a fixed factor
  2. b Death by day 1 includes fresh stillbirths