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Table 3 ORs (95 % CIs) for factors associated with selected complementary feeding practices in mothers with children 6–23 months olda

From: Infant and young child feeding practices differ by ethnicity of Vietnamese mothers

  Complementary feeding aged 6–8 months (n = 189) Minimum meal frequency (n = 932) Minimum dietary diversity (n = 932) Minimum acceptable diet (n = 932)
Mother ethnicity (ref. Kinh ethnicity):
 Thai-Muong -   0.17 (0.09, 0.30)*** 0.15 (0.09, 0.27)*** 0.23 (0.11, 0.46)***
 Tay-Nung 2.65 (0.62, 11.43) 1.71 (0.70, 4.22) 0.59 (0.39, 0.89)* 0.52 (0.39, 0.69)***
 E De-Mnong 2.21 (0.06, 76.27) 0.65 (0.39, 1.09) 0.26 (0.16, 0.43)*** 0.55 (0.33, 0.89)*
Mother age (18–24 y vs. ≥ 25 y) 8.94 (1.35, 59.36)* 1.53 (1.04, 2.25)* 1.07 (0.69, 1.69) 1.12 (0.81, 1.56)
Mother education (≤9 y vs. > 9 y) 0.21 (0.04, 1.14) 0.79 (0.46, 1.38) 0.48 (0.33, 0.70)*** 0.47 (0.31, 0.72)***
Mother occupation (farmer vs. others) 2.29 (0.28, 18.50) 0.72 (0.37, 1.40) 0.63 (0.40, 0.98)* 0.72 (0.52, 1.00)
Food insecurity status (ref. food secured):
 Mild 0.17 (0.02, 1.78) 0.58 (0.30, 1.11) 0.58 (0.39, 0.86)** 0.38 (0.29, 0.49)***
 Moderate 0.84 (0.13, 5.54) 0.49 (0.31, 0.78)** 0.50 (0.32, 0.78)** 0.36 (0.25, 0.51)***
 Severe 0.46 (0.01, 20.52) 0.43 (0.28, 0.66)*** 0.31 (0.21, 0.44)*** 0.26 (0.17, 0.40)***
Child age (mo) 6.85 (1.64, 28.65)** 1.01 (0.91, 1.12) 1.18 (1.09, 1.27)*** 1.07 (1.03, 1.10)***
Being a boy 1.87 (0.50,6.98) 1.06 (0.77,1.46) 0.92 (0.66,1.29) 1.01 (0.70,1.46)
  1. aData from Alive & Thrive baseline surveys, 2011 and 2012 [24, 25]. Values are odds ratios (OR) and 95 % CIs. Significantly different from the null value (OR = 1; two-sided t tests): *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001