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Table 2 ORs (95 % CIs) for factors associated with selected breastfeeding practices by ethnicity in mothers with children 0–23 months olda

From: Infant and young child feeding practices differ by ethnicity of Vietnamese mothers

  Early initiation of breastfeeding (n = 1875) Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months (n = 943) Predominant breastfeeding under 6 months(n = 943) Bottle feeding(n = 1875)
Mother ethnicity (ref. Kinh ethnicity):
 Thai-Muong 1.04 (0.72,1.51) 0.42 (0.25, 0.71)** 0.07 (0.01, 0.49)** 0.50 (0.37, 0.68)***
 Tay-Nung 0.56 (0.39,0.80)** 0.67 (0.34, 1.32) 0.39 (0.19, 0.79)** 1.12 (0.75, 1.68)
 E De-Mnong 0.75 (0.48,1.17) 1.99 (1.04, 3.82)* 1.35 (0.82, 2.24) 0.69 (0.50, 0.95)*
Mother age (18–24 y vs. ≥ 25 y) 0.66 (0.53,0.83)*** 0.77 (0.50, 1.19) 0.75 (0.55, 1.02) 0.96 (0.72, 1.30)
Mother education (≤9 y vs. > 9 y) 1.30 (1.07,1.57)** 1.14 (0.75, 1.73) 0.86 (0.61, 1.23) 0.95 (0.64, 1.42)
Mother occupation (farmer vs. others) 1.40 (1.01,1.94)* 1.71 (1.18, 2.47)** 1.52 (1.03, 2.24)* 0.61 (0.39, 0.97)*
Food insecurity status (ref. food secured):
 Mild 0.66 (0.45,0.97)* 1.17 (0.60, 2.26) 1.05 (0.70, 1.59) 0.99 (0.64, 1.53)
 Moderate 0.72 (0.57,0.91)** 0.81 (0.57, 1.14) 0.91 (0.65, 1.29) 0.96 (0.63, 1.46)
 Severe 0.61 (0.45,0.81)*** 0.77 (0.45, 1.31) 0.85 (0.50, 1.44) 1.10 (0.61, 1.98)
Child age (mo)    0.65 (0.59, 0.71)*** 0.54 (0.48, 0.60)*** 1.14 (1.02, 1.27)*
Being a boy 0.94 (0.75,1.18) 0.84 (0.55,1.27) 0.89 (0.68,1.17) 1.35 (0.88,2.06)
Delivery modes (ref. vaginal delivery out of hospital):
 Vaginal delivery in hospital 0.47 (0.31,0.71)***       
 Cesarean delivery in hospital 0.03 (0.02,0.05)***       
Professional breastfeeding advice during pregnancy 1.27 (1.03,1.57)*       
Professional breastfeeding support during 3 days after birth 1.40 (1.10,1.78)**       
  1. aData from Alive & Thrive baseline surveys, 2011 and 2012 [24, 25]. Values are odds ratios (OR) and 95 % CIs. Significantly different from the null value (OR = 1; two-sided t tests): *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001