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Table 3 Neonatal and health service related characteristics of neonates delivered in randomly selected hospitals of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia, April-July, 2014 (n = 1152)

From: Survival of neonates and predictors of their mortality in Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia: prospective cohort study

Characteristics No Percent Characteristics No Percent
Sex Apgar 5-min score
 Male 610 52.9  Severe (≤3) 8 0.7
 Female 542 47.1  Moderate (3–6) 45 4
Exclusive breast feed  Normal (≥7) 1081 95.3
 Yes 1012 87.8 Birth defect
 No 140 12.2  Yes 14 1.2
Resuscitation  No 1138 98.8
 Yes 154 13.4 Neonatal length (n = 1126)
 No 998 86.6   < 46 cm 151 13.4
Apgar 1-min score  46–56 cm 914 81.2
 Severe (≤3) 19 1.7   > 56 cm 61 5.4
 Moderate (3–6) 166 14.6 Birth weight
 Normal (≥7) 950 83.7   < 2500 gm 121 10.5
Neonatal complications  2500–3500 853 74.3
 Yes 126 10.9   > 3500 gm 175 15.2
 No 1026 89.1 Gestational age
Temperature control (n = 61)  Preterm 93 8.1
 Yes 59 97  Term 1054 91.9
 No 2 3 Weight for Gestational Age
Hypothermic  Appropriate 846 73.5
 Yes 61 5.3  SGA 125 10.9
 No 1091 94.7  LGA 180 15.6
Neonate inborn or out born Distance
 Yes 1085 94.2   ≤ 5 km 836 76.3
 No 67 5.8  5–10 km 175 16.0
    > 10 km 84 7.7
  1. SGA small for gestational age, LGA large for gestational age, LBW low birth weight