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Table 1 Included studies by region, author, year and quality scores

From: Eating soup with nails of pig: thematic synthesis of the qualitative literature on cultural practices and beliefs influencing perinatal nutrition in low and middle income countries

Setting Author (Year) CASPa Score COREQb score
Africa
 Nigeria, rural Asowa-Omorodion (1997) [74] 7 8
 Uganda, rural Ayiasi et al. (2013) [34] 8 10
 Mozambique, peri urban Chapman (2003) [75] 9 9
 Ghana, urban Dako-Gyeke et al. (2013) [42] 9 8
 Ethiopia, rural Degefie et al., (2014 ) [76] 8 6
 Burkina Faso, rural Donmozoun et al. (2014) [77] 6 4
 Sierra Leone, rural & urban Dorwie and Pacquiao (2014) [78] 10 10
 Nigeria, rural & urban Ejidokun (2000) [55] 10 10
 Ghana, rural & urban Farnes et al. (2011) [38] 10 10
 Ethiopia, rural Gebrehiwot et al. (2012) [79] 9 7
 Kenya, rural & urban Geissler et al. (1999) [45] 7 6
 Tanzania, rural Gross et al. (2013) [80] 8 10
 Uganda, rural Kwagala (2013) [57] 9 6
 Uganda, rural Kyomuhendo (2003) [81] 7 5
 Liberia, rural Lori and Boyle (2011) [82] 10 11
 Zambia, rural & urban Maimbolwa et al. (2003) [41] 10 10
 Tanzania, urban Mbekenga et al. (2013) [72] 9 9
 Ghana, rural Mills and Bertrand (2005) [36] 9 10
 Ghana, rural Moyer et al. (2014) [13] 9 10
 S Africa, rural Ngomane and Mulaudzi (2012) [83] 9 9
 Nigeria, rural Orisaremi (2013) [35] 9 7
 S Africa, rural Preez (2012) [84] 8 10
 Ghana, peri urban Theroux et al. (2013) [58] 7 11
 Swaziland, rural Thwala et al. (2011) [62] 7 9
 Swaziland, rural Thwala et al. (2012) [85] 8 10
 Cameroon, rural Thwala et al. (2012) [86] 9 9
 Ethiopia, rural & urban Warren (2010) [87] 6 6
 Ghana, rural Wilkinson and Callister (2010) [61] 9 8
 Malawi, rural Zulu (2001) [88] 8 8
South Asia
 Bangladesh, urban Ahmed et al. (2010) [60] 9 7
 India, rural Bandyopadhyay (2009) [31] 7 9
 Nepal, peri urban Brunson (2010) [73] 9 11
 Bangladesh, rural Choudhury and Ahmed (2011) [89] 9 9
 Bangladesh, urban Choudhury et al. (2012) [54] 8 8
 Pakistan, rural Dykes et al. (2012) [29] 7 7
 Pakistan, urban Fikree et al. (2004) [51] 8 4
 Pakistan, urban Fikree et al. (2005) [16] 7 6
 India, rural Iyengar et al. (2008) [90] 8 8
 Nepal, rural Kaphle et al. (2013) [63] 10 10
 India, rural Kesterton and Cleland (2009) [91] 8 10
 Pakistan, rural Khadduri et al. (2008) [33] 7 6
 Bangladesh, urban Moran et al. (2009) [92] 9 8
 Pakistan, rural Premji et al. (2014) [37] 10 11
 Bangladesh, urban Rashid (2007) [93] 8 8
 India, rural Sharma et al. (2013) [94] 10 10
 Nepal, rural Thapa et al. (2000) [52] 7 6
 Bangladesh, rural Winch et al. (2005) [32] 8 7
Asia, other
 Tibet, rural Adams et al. (2005) [43] 10 9
 Laos, rural Alvesson et al. (2013) [95] 9 8
 Laos, rural de Sa et al. (2013) [27] 8 8
 Turkey, urban Ergenekon-Ozelci et al. (2006) [30] 7 5
 Vietnam, rural Graner et al. (2013) [96] 10 10
 Philippines, peri urban Hadwiger and Hadwiger (2012) [50] 9 10
 China, urban Kartchner and Callister (2003) [97] 9 8
 Laos, urban Lee et al. (2013) [28] 10 9
 Vietnam, urban Lundberg and Ngoc Thu (2012) [46] 9 11
 Vietnam, urban Lundberg and Trieu Thi Ngoc (2011) [49] 10 11
 Cambodia, rural Matsuoka et al. (2010) [98] 8 5
 China, rural Raven et al. (2007) [48] 9 11
 Myanmar, rural & urban Sein (2013) [39] 10 8
 China, rural Strand et al. (2009) [53] 9 7
 Laos, rural Sychareun et al. (2012) [99] 8 10
 Cambodia, rural White (2002) [40] 9 7
 Cambodia, rural White (2004) [47] 9 8
 Bali, rural Wulandari and Klinken Whelan (2011) [44] 9 10
Middle East
 Syria, urban Abushaikha and Massah (2013) [100] 8 11
 Jordan, urban Khalaf and Callister (1997) [101] 8 7
Latin America
 Guatemala, rural Berry (2006) [102] 8 8
 Argentina, urban Hess and Maughan (2012) [59] 8 6
 Brazil, rural Piperata (2008) [56] 10 9
 Guatemala, rural Radoff et al. (2013) [103] 10 8
  1. aCASP Critical Appraisal Skills Programme, scored out of 10
  2. bCOREQ consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research, scored out of 12