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Table 2 Association between mobile phone ownership and health services related to pregnancy and childbirth

From: Does mobile phone ownership predict better utilization of maternal and newborn health services? a cross-sectional study in Timor-Leste

Variable Mobile phone owners (N = 364) Non mobile phone owners (N = 217) Unadjusted OR 95 % CI P Adjusted OR 95 % CIa P **
Antenatal care     0.005   0.133
 ANC ≥4 264(76) 136(63) 1.92(1.23,3.00)   0.74(0.51,1.09)  
 ANC <4 100(24) 81(37) Ref.   Ref.  
Skilled birth attendance     0.000   0.100
 Yes 174(50) 61(29) 2.45(1.55,3.86)   1.29(0.67,2.51)  
 No 190(50) 156(71) Ref.   Ref.  
Health Facility Delivery     0.000   0.115
 Yes 113(37) 33(18) 2.68(1.61,4.44)   1.13(0.56,2.28)  
 No 251(63) 184(82) Ref.   Ref.  
PNC within 24 h     0.000  
 Yes 128(36) 45(21) 2.11(1.43,3.14)  
 No 236(64) 172(79) Ref.   Ref.
NNC within 24 h     0.032  
 Yes 100(29) 140(19) 1.74(1.05,2.90)   
 No 264(71) 177(81) Ref.   Ref.  
  1. aAdjusted for cluster effect, and factors related to the outcomes. Factors include age, education, wealth index, parity, travel time to the nearest health facility, and literacy
  2. **All p-value are produced using the maximum likelihood ratio test