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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of study participants

From: Does mobile phone ownership predict better utilization of maternal and newborn health services? a cross-sectional study in Timor-Leste

Variables N (%) of the participants P ***
Mobile phone owners 67 % (N = 364) Non mobile phone owners 33 % (N = 217) Total (N = 581)
Age     0.240
 ≤20 47(13) 30(14) 77(13)  
 21–24 69(21) 46(19) 115(20)  
 25–29 121(32) 48(24) 169(29)  
 30–34 66(18) 41(20) 107(19)  
 ≥35 61(16) 52(24) 113(19)  
Mean (year) (SD) 27.5(0.44) 28.3(0.66) 27.8(0.39)  
Education level     0.000
 No 51(16) 75(39) 126(23)  
 Primary 84(22) 65(28) 149(24)  
 Secondary or above 229(62) 77(33) 306(52)  
Wealth Index     0.000
 Lowest 45(12) 73(33) 118(19)  
 Fourth 52(12) 68(34) 120(19)  
 Middle 74(22) 45(20) 119(22)  
 Second 92(26) 15 (6) 107(19)  
 Highest 101(28) 16(6) 117(21)  
Parity     0.360
 1 57(15) 33(14) 90(15)  
 2–3 128(38) 74(32) 202(36)  
 ≥4 179(46) 110(53) 289(49)  
Health facility travel timea     0.060
 0–60 min 261(74) 139(62) 400(70)  
 >60 min 103(26) 77(38) 180(30)  
Literacy     0.000
 Cannot read and write 81(25) 105(54) 186(34)  
 Can read or write 283(75) 112(46) 395(66)  
District     0.640
 Mahufahi 172(51) 121(48) 293(50)  
 Ainaro 192(49) 96(52) 288(50)  
Gestational months at 1st ANC visitb 345 188 533 0.090
 1–3 175(48) 94(42) 269(46)  
 4–6 162(49) 82(50) 244(49)  
 7–9 8(3) 12(8) 20(5)  
  1. aOne data point is missing
  2. b533 women had at least 1 ANC visit when they had their last child
  3. ***All p-values are produced using Chi-square test, adjusted for cluster effect