Skip to main content

Table 3 Multiple regression coefficients of the number of elements of ANC quality received, by socio-demographic characteristics, number of ANC visits and timing of first ANC visit

From: The timing of antenatal care initiation and the content of care in Sindh, Pakistan

  OLS Coefficients 95 % Confidence Intervals Number of women
Residence
 Rural ref   1,951
 Urban 0.38*** 0.19–0.57 2,049
Age at marriage
 12–15 ref   505
 16–20 0.19* 0.02–0.36 2503
 21 or older 0.32** 0.12–0.52 992
Number of living children
 1 ref   981
 2 −0.05 −0.18–0.07 956
 3 0.01 −0.13–0.15 680
 4 −0.09 −0.27–0.08 471
 5 or more −0.16* −0.31–0.01 912
Education
 None ref   2,265
 Primary/Middle 0.36*** 0.19–0.52 780
 Secondary or higher 0.61*** 0.45–0.77 955
Wealth
 First/poorest ref   801
 Second 0.21*** 0.03–0.40 800
 Middle 0.66*** 0.43–0.88 801
 Fourth 0.90*** 0.65–1.16 798
 Fifth/richest 1.08*** 0.82–1.35 800
Number of ANC visits
 None ref   533
 1–3 2.12*** 1.95–2.28 1412
 4 or more 3.20*** 2.99–3.40 2054
Timing of first ANC visit
  > 3 months or no visit ref   2095
 Within 3 months 0.36*** 0.22–0.49 1905
R-squared 59.9 %   4,000
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001