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Table 3 The concentration index (CIX) for ANC and delivery care service utilization in Bangladesh, 2004–2011

From: Progress in the utilization of antenatal and delivery care services in Bangladesh: where does the equity gap lie?

   National Rural Urban
Year CIX (95 % CI) CIX (95 % CI) CIX (95 % CI)
(4+)ANC Visits 2004 0.42 (0.41, 0.43) 0.38 (0.36, 0.39) 0.36 (0.34, 0.38)
2007 0.32 (0.31, 0.34) 0.28 (0.27, 0.31) 0.32 (0.30, 0.33)
2011 0.31 (0.30, 0.32) 0.27 (0.26, 0.28) 0.21 (0.20, 0.23)
Medically Trained ANC 2004 0.21 (0.21, 0.22) 0.21 (0.20, 0.21) 0.13 (0.13, 0.14)
2007 0.20 (0.20, 0.21) 0.20 (0.19, 0.21) 0.14 (0.13, 0.15)
2011 0.21 (0.21, 0.22) 0.22 (0.21, 0.22) 0.13 (0.12, 0.14)
(2+)Tetanus Injection 2004 0.05 (0.04, 0.05) 0.04 (0.04, 0.05) 0.06 (0.05, 0.07)
2007 0.00 (−0.01, 0.01) 0.00 (−0.01, 0.01) 0.03 (0.02, 0.04)
2011 0.01 (0.00, 0.01) −0.03 (−0.04, −0.02) 0.05 (0.04, 0.06)
Health Facility Delivery 2004 0.49 (0.47, 0.50) 0.45 (0.42, 0.47) 0.44 (0.41, 0.46)
2007 0.41 (0.39, 0.43) 0.37 (0.34, 0.42) 0.38 (0.36, 0.40)
2011 0.33 (0.32, 0.34) 0.32 (0.31, 0.33) 0.22 (0.21, 0.23)
Skilled Birth Assistance 2004 0.47 (0.45, 0.49) 0.41 (0.39, 0.43) 0.44 (0.42, 0.46)
2007 0.42 (0.41, 0.43) 0.39 (0.36, 0.42) 0.40 (0.38, 0.42)
2011 0.34 (0.34, 0.35) 0.33 (0.32, 0.34) 0.27 (0.25, 0.28)
C-Section Delivery 2004 0.60 (0.58, 0.63) 0.57 (0.54, 0.61) 0.47 (0.47, 0.47)
2007 0.48 (0.46, 0.51) 0.47 (0.43, 0.51) 0.49 (0.47, 0.54)
2011 0.40 (0.39, 0.41) 0.42 (0.41, 0.43) 0.35 (0.32, 0.37)
  1. Note: A positive value of CIX indicates pro-rich horizontal inequity in maternal health care utilization. The higher the value of CIX, the greater is inequity