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Table 2 Binary logistic regression results of predictors of delivery care use using individual, husband/partner and health policy factors

From: Determinants of use of supervised delivery care under Ghana’s fee exemption policy for maternal healthcare: the case of the Central Region

Variable Model 1 Individual variables Model 2 Individual/Partner variables Model 3 Individual/Partner/Health Policy variables
  Odds Ratio Odds Ratio Odds Ratio
Age Group (RC = 40–49)
 20–29 0.178 0.088** 0.069**
 30–39 0.421 0.271 0.247
Parity (RC = 5 and above)
 1 3.405** 4.998** 5.283**
 2 3.974*** 5.338** 6.390***
 3 4.171** 4.675** 5.713**
 4 2.146 3.248 3.087
Religion (RC = Muslim)
 Christian (Catholic) 0.719 0.584 0.527
 Christian (Orthodox) 0.146*** 0.110*** 0.077***
 Other Christian (SDA, Jehovah’s Witnesses) 0.344* 0.305 0.283
 Christian (Pentecostal/Charismatic) 0.581 0.751 0.847
 Other (Traditional/Spiritual/No religion) 0.299 0.613 0.636
Education (RC = Other – Vocational, Technical)
 No Education 1.019 0.788 0.968
 Primary 1.006 0.450 0.427
 Middle/JHS 1.771 1.214 1.141
 Secondary/SHS/Technical 2.403 2.343 2.634
 Higher than Secondary 3.226 0.263 0.217
Ethnicity (RC = Other (Ga-Adangme, Guan, Hausa))
 Akan 1.531 2.873 2.905
 Ewe 2.049 3.151 2.724
Marital Status (RC = Single (Never married, Never-cohabited)
 Married/cohabiting 0.316* 0.124 0.094
 Formerly in union (Widowed, Divorced/Sep) 0.114** 0.178 0.098
Residence (RC = Rural)
 Urban 3.566*** 3.188*** 3.793***
Employment Status (RC = Other – seasonal work)
 Unemployed 2.151 2.969 4.714
 Self-employed 1.416 1.448 1.809
 Employee (Paid) 0.994 4.691 13.629
 Informal work (paid) 2.896 3.891 4.673
Husband/Partner Education (RC = Other- Vocational, Technical)
 No education   0.791 0.652
 Primary   4.297 5.177
 Middle/JHS   4.740 6.222
 Secondary/SHS/Technical   2.336 2.925
 Higher than Secondary   7.573 8.317
Husband Employment Status (RC = Other – seasonal work)
 Unpaid Family worker   1.317 1.227
 Unemployed   3.075 3.150
 Self-employed   1.889 1.784
 Employee (Formal work paid)   3.654 6.386
 Informal work (paid)   3.096 3.320
Age of husband   1.024 1.022
Awareness about policy (RC = No)
 Awareness about policy (Yes)    13.820*
Full knowledge about policy (RC = No)
 Full Knowledge (Yes)    2.985***
 Constant 2.723 0.532 0.020
 Nagelkerke R2 0.302 0.380 0.433
  1. Note: For significance levels
  2. RC reference category
  3. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001