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Table 3 Adequacy of prenatal care based on maternal and neonatal complications and use of obstetric, neonatal and postnatal care by level of antenatal care (ANC) attendance, Lubumbashi, DRC, 2010–11

From: Better than nothing? maternal, newborn, and child health services and perinatal mortality, Lubumbashi, democratic republic of the Congo: a cohort study

Characteristics No ANC (n = 1910) % ANC Visits
Low (n = 912) % Moderate (n = 748 % High (n = 734) % p
Maternal complications 15.2 5.9 6.6 11.6 <0.001
 Fever 2.1 0.5 0.8 0.8 <0.001
 Premature rupture of membranes 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.1 <0.001
 Severe anemia 0.4 0.6 1.1 1.1 <0.001
 Dystocia (prolonged labor) 4.3 1.2 1.6 3.3 <0.001
 Eclampsia 1.8 1.1 0.8 0.5 <0.001
 Placenta abruptio 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 <0.001
 Placenta Prævia 0.0 1.0 0.6 2.5 <0.001
 Uterine rupture 0.2 0.6 0.5 2.0 <0.001
 Postpartum hemorrhage 5.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 a
Neonatal Complications 26.5 16.9 13.9 20.6 <0.001
 Respiratory distress (Apgar < 7) 17.2 11.9 11.1 15.1  
 Low birth weight 9.3 5.0 2.8 5.5  
Obstetrical care      <0.001
 EC-LR 84.8 94.1 93.5 88.4  
 EmOC 9.9 2.7 2.1 6.3  
 EC-HR 5.6 3.2 4.4 5.3  
Neonatal Care      <0.001
 EC-LR 73.5 88.1 86.1 79.4  
 EmNC 15.2 6.7 4.9 10.5  
 EC-HR 11.3 10.2 9.0 10.1  
Postnatal consultationb 6.9 3.4 5.2 5.9 0.003
  1. anot calculated; b n = 4241