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Table 1 Socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics of women by level of antenatal care (ANC) attendance, Lubumbashi, DRC, 2010–11

From: Better than nothing? maternal, newborn, and child health services and perinatal mortality, Lubumbashi, democratic republic of the Congo: a cohort study

Characteristics No ANC (n = 1910) % ANC Visits
Low (n = 912) % Moderate (n = 748 % High (n = 734) % p
Age (Years)      <0.001
 <20 23.6 11.5 11.0 10.9  
 20–34 64.7 73.9 77.2 77.1  
 ≥35 11.7 14.6 11.8 12.0  
Marital status      <0.001
 Married 95.2 97.7 97.5 98.5  
 Unmarried 4.8 2.3 2.5 1.5  
Education      <0.001
 None or primary 27.6 25.9 24.7 21.8  
 Secondary school 69.5 68.5 69.4 69.6  
 University 2.9 5.6 5.9 8.6  
Occupation      0.032
 Housework 54.9 59.4 55.9 60.1  
 Other 45.1 40.6 44.1 39.9  
High-risk pregnancy 43.3 43.3 32.5 42.5 <0.001
 <18 yrs 17.5 8.3 7.1 7.0 <0.001
 >37 yrs 7.4 8.1 6.8 6.1 <0.001
 ≥6 previous deliveries 12.8 20.3 16.8 17.0 <0.001
 Poor OHa 10.6 12.1 9.6 15.3 <0.001
 Multiple pregnancy 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0  
  1. OH obstetrical history
  2. a: poor obstetrical history (low birth weight, stillborn, abortion)