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Table 3 Crude, adjusted odds ratios and 95 % CI associated with adoption of beneficial newborn care practices among mothers in Luuka and Buyende health sub-district, 2011

From: Factors associated with adoption of beneficial newborn care practices in rural Eastern Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Maternal characteristics Beneficial newborn care (n = 189)
   N = 1,616 N = 1573
  N n (%) Crude OR (95 % CI) P-value Adjusted OR (95 % CI) P-Value
Age group (N = 1512)     0.442   
  ≤ 24 567 64 (11.3) 1.00    
 25–34 622 74 (11.9) 0.83 (0.59, 1.16) 0.272   
  ≥ 35 323 42 (13.0) 0.80 (0.54, 1.19) 0.274   
Marital Status     0.112   
 Not married 144 11 (7.6) 1.00    
 Married 1,472 178 (12.1) 1.66 (0.89, 3.13) 0.112   
Education     0.054   
 No education 194 27 (15.5) 1.00   1.00  
 Primary 1,096 136 (70.9) 1.14 (0.73, 1.78) 0.56 0.83 (0.51, 1.35) 0.457
 Secondary or higher 326 26 (13.6) 1.86 (1.05, 3.28) 0.03 0.98 (0.52, 1.86) 0.973
Occupation     0.089   
 Salaried or business 113 6 (5.3) 1.00   1.00  
 Laborer or peasant farmer 1,357 166 (12.2) 0.40 (0.18, 0.91) 0.028 0.54 (0.23, 1.28) 0.163
 House wife or others 146 17 (11.6) 0.43 (0.17, 1.10) 0.076 0.57 (0.21, 1.58) 0.282
Husband’s Education Status     0.002   
 No education 292 27 (9.2) 1.00   1.00  
 Primary 782 114 (14.6) 0.60 (0.39, 0.93) 0.021 0.63 (0.39, 0.99) 0.045
 Secondary or higher 542 48 (8.9) 1.05 (0.64, 1.71) 0.851 0.89 (0.53, 1.50) 0.652
Attended ANC     0.241   
 No 33 6 (18.2) 1.00    
 Yes 1,583 183 (11.6) 1.70 (0.71, 4.07) 0.241   
Number of ANC Attendances (n = 1,583)a     0.001**   
 1-2 303 55 (18.1) 1.00   1.00  
 3-4 979 99 (10.1) 2.00 (1.41, 2.86) 0.001* 1.69(1.13, 2.52) 0.010
 5+ 301 29 (9.6) 2.03 (1.26, 3.28) 0.003 1.47(0.86, 2.54) 0.159
Trimester at first ANC Visit (n = 1,573)a     0.076   
 Trimester 1 564 52 (9.2) 1.00   1.00  
 Trimester 2 889 112 (12.6) 0.70 (0.49, 0.99) 0.047 0.82 (0.57, 1.20) 0.311
 Trimester 3 130 19 (14.6) 0.59 (0.33, 1.04) 0.067 1.07 (0.56, 2.03) 0.837
Parity     0.761   
 1 232 24 (10.3) 1.00    
 2–4 658 80 (12.2) 0.83 (0.52, 1.35) 0.459   
 5+ 726 85 (11.7) 0.87 (0.54, 1.40) 0.569   
Delivery Mode     0.036c   
 Assisted 47 1 (2.1) 1.00    
 Normal delivery 1,569 188 (12.0) 6.26 (1.10, 35.55) 0.036c 4.83 (0.65,35.78) 0.123
Skilled Delivery     0.001**   
 No 433 93 (21.5) 1.00   1.00  
 Yes 1,183 96 (8.1) 3.10 (2.27, 4.22) 0.001** 2.66 (1.92, 3.69) 0.001**
Distance to Facility (N = 462)b     0.157   
  > 5 km 232 14 (6.0) 1.00    
  < =5 km 230 22 (9.6) 0.61 (0.31, 1.21) 0.157   
Socio-economic Status     0.001*   
 Low 480 78 (16.2) 1.00   1.00  
 Middle 691 69 (10.0) 1.75 (1.24, 2.47) 0.002 1.57 (1.09, 2.26) 0.015
 High 445 42 (9.4) 1.86 (1.25, 2.78) 0.002 1.39 (0.90, 2.14) 0.131
Health Sub-District     0.005   
 Luuka 797 75 (9.4) 1.00   1.00  
 Buyende 819 114 (13.9) 0.64 (0.47, 0.87) 0.005 0.71 (0.51, 0.99) 0.042
  1. aPercentages are expressed out of those who attended antenatal care at their last pregnancy
  2. bOnly 462 (28.6 %) of 1,616 women knew the distance to the health facility where they delivered from. We have included these women only in the bivariate analysis
  3. cThe p-value is based on Fisher’s exact chi2 test; 95 % CI are test based
  4. The Odds ratio (Crude and Adjusted), and the p-values are based on the likelihood ratio test
  5. *Statistically significant (p < 0.001)
  6. **highly statistically significant (p < 0.0001)