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Table 2 Number of vaginal fistula (VF) by survey datasets for the following risk factors: experience of intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV), young age at first sex (<14 years old), young age at first birth (<14 years old), and permission to seek health care

From: Risk factors for vaginal fistula symptoms in Sub-Saharan Africa: a pooled analysis of national household survey data

  IPSVa Young age at 1st intercourseb Young age at 1st birthc Permission to seek health care
Country, Survey, and Year VF (N)/Sex Violence (N) VF (N)/No Violence (N) VF (N)/Young (N) VF (N)/Old (N) VF (N)/Young (N) VF (N)/Old (N) VF (N)/Big problem (N) VF (N)/Not big problem (N)
Benin DHS 2011-12 Not Measured 17/1250 83/11681 5/604 84/11918 55/5797 72/10802
Burkina Faso DHS 2010 0/142 11/9859 0/523 18/13971 0/106 16/13129 7/3850 13/13208
Cameroon DHS 2011 5/574 9/3425 3/1396 49/11148 2/526 47/10492 7/2251 22/5195
Chad MICS 2010 1/844 33/11283 5/2165 33/11729 5/908 31/11933 Not Measured
Comoros DHS 2012 2/36 61/2492 9/243 75/3128 2/110 75/2818 34/2405 73/2885
Congo (Brazz.) DHS 2011-12 Not Measured 5/1510 22/8405 0/250 24/8537 15/4752 12/6056
DRC DHS 2007 7/764 10/2082 9/958 32/7268 3/250 32/6890 10/2115 34/7861
Ethiopia DHS 2005 Not Measured 22/1892 72/8172 6/362 87/8964 38/3999 65/10049
Guinea DHS 2012 Not Measured 18/1415 41/6383 5/368 52/6576 Not Measured
Kenya DHS 2008-09 18/626 39/4273 10/597 61/5890 2/189 73/5906 Not Measured
Malawi DHS 2010 7/842 19/4531 22/1904 107/16772 5/536 121/17496 22/2571 110/20421
Mali DHS 2006 0/307 13/8613 0/1554 17/10609 0/525 17/11039 0/2764 18/11787
Mali DHS 2012-13 1/378 19/2742 7/1108 56/7151 3/480 64/8000 30/3063 41/7361
Mauritania MICS 2011 Not Measured Not Measured Not Measured Not Measured
Niger DHS 2006 Not Measured 2/1294 15/6225 1/256 16/6929 1/860 19/8315
Niger DHS 2012 Not Measured 5/1160 10/8356 5/338 11/8865 4/2429 12/8713
Nigeria DHS 2008 5/688 88/18509 21/3221 102/23255 5/1144 114/22552 15/4775 127/28412
Rwanda DHS 2005 14/257 33/1822 0/88 156/5134 0/17 164/5369 9/102 154/5278
Senegal DHS 2010-11 Not Measured 4/1505 12/9717 1/600 16/10052 7/2576 11/13112
Sierra Leone DHS 2013 3/248 39/4027 11/1358 87/12246 9/697 94/11570 30/2686 82/13831
Swaziland MICS 2010 Not Measured 5/118 52/3198 0/9 57/3270 Not Measured
Tanzania DHS 2010 7/695 25/4991 2/498 40/7639 1/96 42/7227 1/229 50/9899
Togo MICS 2010 Not Measured 1/299 22/5417 2/124 18/4592 Not Measured
Togo DHS 2013-14 12/420 52/4949 6/490 76/7416 2/151 78/6789 10/1176 83/8294
Uganda DHS 2006 17/516 25/1225 32/769 158/6214 6/173 189/6231 24/653 177/7815
Uganda DHS 2011 15/423 21/1271 22/822 127/5997 8/292 137/6076 12/475 152/8127
Zambia DHS 2013-14 18/1502 53/7896 4/894 76/12205 3/191 78/12220 4/491 87/15882
  1. VF = Vaginal Fistula; IPSV = Intimate Partner Sexual Violence; DHS = Demographic and Health Survey; MICS = Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey
  2. aAmong married and/or ever married women (or those in a union)
  3. bAmong sexually active women
  4. cAmong primi/multiparous women
  5. The survey-specific total sample sizes can vary by risk factor depending on the number of missing observations and eligibility criteria