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Table 4 Multivariable logistic regression analysis for risk factors for anaemia in Gulu and Hoima Regional Hospitals

From: Prevalence of anaemia and associated risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Gulu and Hoima Regional Hospitals in Uganda: A cross sectional study

Variable Number Anaemic (%) Crude OR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI)
Age     
   <20 199 47 (23.6) 1.0 1.0
   20–24 243 48 (19.8) 0.8 (0.51–1.60) 1.8 (0.50–1.32)
   25–29 178 42 (23.6) 1.0 (0.62–1.61) 1.1 (0.63–1.80)
   30–34 86 21 (24.4) 1.0 (0.58–1.89) 1.3 (0.68–2.56)
   35–39 31 4 (12.9) 0.5 (0.16–1.45) 0.6 (0.19–1.85)
   ≥40 6 2 (33.3) 1.6 (0.29–9.16) 1.4 (0.22–8.99)
Education     
   No education 24 16 (32.7) 1.0 1.0
   Primary 382 86 (22.1) 0.3 (0.15–0.81) 0.5 (0.27–1.10)
   Secondary 283 55 (21.7) 0.3 (0.13–0.74) 0.6 (0.30–1.31)
   Higher 547 7 (13.0) 0.2 (0.52–0.60) 0.4 (0.11–1.20)
Occupation     
   Farmer 222 38 (17.1) 1.0 1.0
   Trader 154 31 (20.1) 1.2 (0.72–2.07) 1.3 (0.73–2.21)
   Formal employment 83 15 (18.1) 1.1 (0.55–2.07) 1.4 (0.63–2.96)
   Handicraft 10 3 (30.0) 2.1 (0.51–8.44) 1.1 (0.25–4.45)
   Housewife 274 77 (28.1) 1.9 (1.22–2.94) 1.7 (1.05–2.68)
Residence     
   Rural 301 67 (22.3) 1.0  
   Urban 442 97 (22.0) 1.0 (0.69–1.40)  
Marital status     
   Single 79 14 (17.7) 1.0 1.0
   Married 653 145 (22.2) 1.3 (0.72–2.43) 0.8 (0.43–1.64)
   Widowed 4 2 (50) 4.6 (0.58–37.46) 2.0 (0.21–18.89)
   Separated/divorced 7 3 (42.9) 3.0 (0.68–17.92) 3.0 (0.55–16.85)
District     
   Hoima 387 47 (12.1) 1.0 1.0
   Gulu 356 117 (32.9) 3.5 (2.40–5.23) 3.6 (2.41–5.58)
Trimester     
   First 55 8 (14.6) 1.0 1.0
   Second 305 63 (20.7) 1.5 (0.69–3.41) 1.5 (0.63–3.39)
   Third 383 93 (24.3) 1.9 (0.86–4.14) 1.2 (0.52–2.74)
Gravidity     
   1–4 610 133 (21.80) 1.0  
   ≥5 133 31 (23.3) 1.1 (0.70–1.70)  
Delivery gap     
   None 250 61 (24.2) 1.0  
   1–11 22 5 (22.7) 0.9 (0.32–2.58)  
   12–24 116 23 (19.8) 0.8 (0.45–1.32)  
   25–36 139 31 (22.3) 0.9 (0.54–1.46)  
   >36 216 44 (20.4) 0.8 (0.51–1.23)  
Household size     
   1–5 535 111 20.8 1.0  
   6–10 190 48 25.3 1.3 (0.25–1.79)  
   >10 18 5 27.8 1.5 (0.51–4.21)  
Wealth index     
   Lowest 462 100 (21.7) 1.0  
   Second lowest 234 56 (23.9) 1.1 (0.78–1.66)  
   Middle 32 5 (15.6) 0.7 (0.25–1.79)  
   High 15 3 (20.0) 0.9 (0.25–3.27)  
Still in school     
   Yes 39 3 (7.7) 1.0 1.0
   No 704 161 (22.9) 3.7 (1.11–12.10) 2.6 (0.73–9.26)