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Table 3 Chi- square tests of anaemia and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Gulu and Hoima Regional Hospitals

From: Prevalence of anaemia and associated risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Gulu and Hoima Regional Hospitals in Uganda: A cross sectional study

Variable Anaemic Non anaemic P-value
  Number Percentage Number Percentage  
Age      
   ≤19 47 23.6 152 76.4  
   20–24 48 19.8 195 80.2 0.62
   25–29 42 23.6 136 79.4  
   30–34 21 24.4 65 75.6  
   35–39 4 12.9 27 87.1 0.58b
   >39 2 33.3 4 66.7  
Education      
   No education 11 45.8 13 54.2  
   Primary 87 22.8 295 77.2 0.01a
   Secondary 59 20.9 224 79.1  
   Higher 7 13.0 47 87.0  
Still in school      
   Yes 3 7.7 36 92.3 0.03b
   No 161 22.9 543 77.1 0.03a
Occupation      
   Farmer 38 17.1 184 81.9  
   Trader 31 20.1 123 79.9 0.03a
   Formal employment 15 18.1 68 81.9  
   Handicraft 3 30.0 7 70.0 0.03b
   Housewife 77 28.1 197 71.9  
Residence      
   Rural 67 22.3 234 77.7 0.9
   Urban 97 22.0 345 78.0  
Marital status      
   Single 14 17.7 65 82.3 0.2
   Married 145 22.2 508 77.8  
   Widowed 2 50.0 2 50.0 0.1b
   Separated/divorced 3 42.9 4 57.1  
District      
   Hoima 47 12.1 340 87.9 <0.01a
   Gulu 117 32.9 239 67.1  
Trimester      
   First 8 14.6 47 85.4 0.2
   Second 63 20.7 242 79.3  
   Third 93 24.3 290 75.7  
Gravidity      
   1–4 133 21.8 477 78.2 0.7
   >5 31 23.3 102 76.7  
Delivery gap (months)      
   Never delivered 61 24.4 189 75.6 0.8
   1–11 5 22.7 17 77.3  
   12–24 23 19.8 93 80.2  
   25–36 31 22.3 108 77.7  
   >36 44 20.4 172 79.6  
Household size      
   1–5 111 20.8 424 79.2 0.3
   6–10 48 25.3 142 74.7  
   >10 5 27.8 13 72.2  
Wealth index      
   Lowest 100 21.7 362 78.3 0.7
   Second lowest 56 23.9 178 76.1  
   Middle 5 15.6 27 84.4  
   High 3 20.0 12 80.0  
  1. aStatistically significant
  2. bFisher’s exact test