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Table 2 Main outcomes of study population

From: New architectural design of delivery room reduces morbidity in preterm neonates: a prospective cohort study

  Cohort 1 (conventional DR) Cohort 2 (new concept of DRa) p
Number of neonates 56 50 -
Outcomes
Late-onset sepsis, n (%) 10 (18) 1 (2) 0.008
Late-onset culture-proven sepsis, n (%) 7 (12.5) 1 (2.0) 0.043
Patent ductus arteriosusb, n (%) 26 (46) 13 (26) 0.029
Intraventricular hemorrhage, n (%) 19 (34) 6 (12) 0.008
Intraventricular hemorrhage ≥ II grade, n (%) 9 (16) 2 (4) 0.042
Intraventricular hemorrhage ≥ III grade, n (%) 3 (5.4) 2 (4.0) 0.554
Periventricular leukomalacia, n (%) 2 (4) 3 (6) 0.556
Necrotizing enterocolitis, n (%) 1 (2) 3 (6) 0.341
Bronchopulmonary dysplasiac, n (%) 9 (19) 7 (15) 0.649
Retinopathy of prematurity, n (%) 7 (12) 6 (12) 0.938
Exitus, n (%) 8 (14) 5 (10) 0.502
  1. aDR directly connected to the NICU according to architectural standards, as described in the text.
  2. bHemodynamically-significant patent ductus arteriosus requiring a pharmacologic treatment, as described in the text.
  3. cDefined as need of oxygen therapy at 36 weeks of post-conceptional age