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Table 2 Definitions

From: Constructing maternal morbidity – towards a standard tool to measure and monitor maternal health beyond mortality

Term Definition
Maternal Death The death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and the site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management, but not from accidental or incidental causes [17]
Maternal Near-Miss A woman who nearly died but survived a complication a complication that occurred during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy [11]. Signs of organ dysfunction that follow life-threatening conditions are used to identify maternal near-misses and a set of near-miss indicators enables assessments of the quality of care provided to pregnant women [5].
Maternal morbidity and associated disability Any health condition attributed to and/or complicating pregnancy and childbirth that has a negative impact on woman’s wellbeing and/or functioning.
Functioning Is an umbrella term for body functions, structures, activities and participation. It denotes the negative aspects of the interaction between an individual (with a health condition) and that individual’s contextual factors (environmental and personal factors) [29].
Disability Is an umbrella term for impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions. It denotes the negative aspects of the interaction between an individual (with a health condition) and that individual’s contextual factors (environmental and personal factors) [29].