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Table 1 Pregnancy and neonatal characteristics in pregnant women

From: Biomarkers of nutrition and stress in pregnant women with a history of eating disorders in relation to head circumference and neurocognitive function of the offspring

  AN n = 20 BN n = 17 Controls n = 59
Age of the mothers, years 29.8 ± 5.6 29.4 ± 4.2 29.8 ± 3.9
Maternal BMI, kg/m2 18.9 ± 2.9 a***, b** 21.9 ± 3.0 22.5 ± 2.8
Maternal weight gain, kg 10.0 ± 3.8 a**, b** 12.9 ± 3.8 12.2 ± 2.7
Weeks of gestation 38.7 ± 2.1 39.0 ± 1.6 39.1 ± 1.8
Hyperemesis, % 20 47 a** 10
Anemia, % 70 a***, b* 29 12
Birth weight, kg 3.2 ± 0.6 3.3 ± 0.7 3.5 ± 0.5
Birth length, cm 49.5 ± 3.1 50.2 ± 2.1 50.2 ± 2.4
Head circumference, cm 33.6 ± 1.6 a*** 33.8 ± 0.88 a** 35.2 ± 1.6
SGA, % 10 12 3
  1. Groups of mothers with a history of anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN) and controls. Values are mean ± SD or percentage
  2. Significant differences between groups are indicated: * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  3. aAN or BN versus Controls, bAN versus BN
  4. BMI, body mass index
  5. SGA, small for gestational age