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Table 3 The associations among SES, immigration status, and breastfeeding practices

From: Variation in the association between socioeconomic status and breastfeeding practices by immigration status in Taiwan: a population based birth cohort study

  Ever breastfeeding Predominant breastfeeding continued to fourth month Predominant breastfeeding continued to sixth month
  Rate OR (95 % CI) Rate OR (95 % CI) Rate OR (95 % CI)
Socioeconomic status          
Mother’s education          
 1. 13 years 90.16 2.74 (2.38–3.16)c 21.30 2.16 (1.85–2.52)c 9.20 2.00 (1.62–2.47)c
 2. 10 to 12 years 76.95 1.31 (1.17–1.50)c 13.67 1.20 (1.05–1.37)a 6.02 1.13 (0.94–1.36)
 3. 9 years 71.84 1.00   18.89 1.00   8.73 1.00  
Father’s education          
 1. 13 years 89.25 2.13 (1.88–2.43)c 21.66 1.62 (1.41–1.87)c 9.50 1.74 (1.43–2.12)c
 2. 10 to 12 years 78.58 1.43 (1.29–1.58)c 14.43 1.10 (0.97–1.25) 6.35 1.14 (0.96–1.37)
 3. 9 years 69.76 1.00   15.67 1.00   6.86 1.00  
Parental monthly income          
 1. NT$100,000 90.03 1.32 (1.10–1.60)a 21.91 1.24 (1.05–1.48)a 8.96 0.97 (0.77–1.23)
 2. NT$70,000 ~ NT$100,000 87.28 1.10 (0.94–1.28) 17.20 1.04 (0.89–1.22) 6.92 0.83 (0.67–1.03)
 3. NT$50,000 ~ NT$70,000 81.42 0.91 (0.79–1.03) 15.50 0.95 (0.83–1.10) 6.32 0.76 (0.62–0.92)b
 4. NT$30,000 ~ NT$50,000 78.39 0.90 (0.83–0.97)a 18.42 0.96 (0.89–1.03) 8.69 0.87 (0.73–1.02)a
 5. NT$30,000 76.74 1.00   19.27 1.00   9.75 1.00  
Immigration status          
 1. From China 82.27 1.60 (1.33–1.93)c 36.29 3.34 (2.84–3.91)c 18.25 2.89 (2.36–3.54)c
 2. From Southeast Asia 76.94 1.39 (1.21–1.61)c 24.85 2.37 (2.04–2.76)c 10.71 1.89 (1.54–2.32)c
 3. Taiwanese 82.63 1.00   16.22 1.00   7.03 1.00  
  1. Note 1. a: p < .05, b: p < .01, c: p < .001
  2. Note 2. These models were controlled for the residential area, employment status, age of the mother, age of the father, and sex of the child
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