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Table 3 Aggregation of results of community mobilization and financial incentive interventions for utilization and health outcome measures

From: Demand-side interventions for maternal care: evidence of more use, not better outcomes

Utilization measures Increase No significant effect or decrease
Antenatal care   
N = 11 (7 CM, 3 FI, 1 B) N = 8 (4 CM, 3 FI, 1 B) N = 3 (3 CM)
Facility-based delivery   
N = 14 (7 CM, 7 FI) N = 9 (2 CM, 7 FI) N = 5 (5 CM)
Skilled birth attendant   
N = 8 (5 CM, 3 FI) N = 5 (2 CM, 3 FI) N = 3 (3 CM)
Health outcome measures Decrease No significant effect or increase
Maternal mortality ratio   
N = 8 (5 CM, 3 FI) N = 2 (2 CM) N = 6 (3 CM, 3 FI)
Stillbirth rate   
N = 4 (4 CM) None N = 4 (4 CM)
Perinatal mortality rate   
N = 6 (5 CM, 1 FI) N = 3 (2 CM, 1 FI) N = 3 (3 CM)
Neonatal mortality rate   
N = 7 (6 CM, 1 FI) N = 4 (3 CM, 1 FI) N = 3 (3 CM)