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Table 2 Number of weighted and unweighted institutional maternal deaths and overall and cause-specific institutional maternal mortality ratios, by year

From: The triple threat of pregnancy, HIV infection and malaria: reported causes of maternal mortality in two nationwide health facility assessments in Mozambique, 2007 and 2012

  Deaths reported in 2007 (12 months of data) Deaths reported in 2012 (3 months of data)
  n (unwt) n (wt) MMR per 100,000 birthsa 95 % Confidence Interval n (unwt) MMR per 100,000 birthsa 95 % Confidence Interval
Overall institutional MMR 2,199 2,596 541 364.7 718.3 459 284 168.6 400.0
Direct causes of death 1,450 1,689 352 231.0 473.1 192 119 63.5 174.4
 Antepartum hemorrhage 113 133 28 15.8 40.3 19 12 4.8 18.8
 Postpartum hemorrhage/at delivery 129 183 37 23.5 51.2 52 32 11.5 52.9
 Severe pre-eclampsia/eclampsia 230 246 52 15.7 87.3 29 18 8.8 27.2
 Prolonged/obstructed labor 158 212 44 22.4 66.4 21 13 −0.8 26.8
 Uterine rupture 130 139 29 18.5 40.0 22 14 6.1 21.1
 Sepsis 101 107 23 12.3 33.0 28 17 7.3 27.4
 Ectopic pregnancy 86 86 18 −7.1 43.6 9 6 −1.1 12.3
 Abortion 104 106 22 9.7 35.2 7 4 −2.0 10.6
 Other direct causesb 399 476 113 58.5 166.6 5 3 0.0 6.2
Indirect causes 749 906 189 83.6 295.3 226 140 50.9 229.1
 Malaria 196 240 56 1.9 109.7 63 39 −3.0 81.1
 Malaria + anemia - -     27 17 −2.6 36.0
 HIV 197 246 57 24.5 89.8 57 35 −11.4 82.0
 HIV + anemia - -     8 5 −1.2 11.1
 Malaria + HIV - -     16 10 −6.3 26.1
 Anemia - -     34 21 9.8 32.3
 Other indirect causesc 356 420 98 32.3 163.4 21 13 3.0 23.0
Unspecified/unknownd       41 25 2.6 48.2
  1. a2007 unweighted number of institutional deliveries = 312,537, weighted = 478,308. 2012 required no weighting, number of institutional deliveries = 161,986
  2. bIn 2012 other direct causes included suicide (rat poisoning), polyhydramnios, pyomyosites, complications from anesthesia or surgery
  3. cIn 2012 other indirect causes included intoxication with tradtional medicines, asthma, pulmonary edema, respiratory insufficiency, meningitis, meningoencephalitis, choked, brain tumor, hepatitis, cardiovascular disease, kidney failure
  4. dIn 2007 unspecified or unknown causes of death were grouped with “other” direct or indirect causes.
  5. wt = weighted; unwt = unweighted