Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Participants characteristics and pregnancy outcome among women aged 15–49 years by study round (1996–2013)

From: Adverse pregnancy outcomes in rural Uganda (1996–2013): trends and associated factors from serial cross sectional surveys

  Round 8 Round 16 Round 18 Round 19 Round 20 Round 21 Round 22 Round 23 ALL ROUNDS
(1996/1997) (2004/2005) (2006/2007) (2007/2008) (2008/2009) (2009/2010) (2010/2011) 2012/2013 1996–2013
Women aged 1549 N = 1224 N = 2440 N = 2498 N = 2450 N = 2808 N = 2880 N = 3166 N = 2766 N = 20100
Age group          
  < 20 551 (38.7 %) 1059 (37.0 %) 990 (34.4 %) 1090 (37.2 %) 740 (26.4 %) 782 (27.2 %) 784 (24.8 %) 511 (18.5 %) 6507 (30.0 %)
 20–29 408 (28.7 %) 767 (26.8 %) 769 (26.7 %) 767 (26.1 %) 838 (29.8 %) 837 (29.1 %) 896 (28.3 %) 828 (29.9 %) 6110 (28.1 %)
 30–39 280 (19.7 %) 585 (20.4 %) 618 (21.5 %) 600 (20.4 %) 700 (24.9 %) 730 (25.3 %) 844 (26.7 %) 806 (29.1 %) 5163 (23.8 %)
 40–49 185 (13.0 %) 454 (15.8 %) 503 (17.5 %) 477 (16.3 %) 530 (18.9 %) 531 (18.4 %) 642 (20.3 %) 621 (22.5 %) 3943 (18.2 %)
 Median age (IQR) (years) 25 (19–34) 27 (19–36.5) 28 (20–37) 27 (20–37) 27 (19–36) 27 (19–36) 28 (20–37) 30 (21–39) 28 (20–37)
Marital status          
 Married 1401 (48.9 %) 1421 (49.5 %) 1393 (47.6 %) 1551 (55.3 %) 1583 (55.0 %) 1755 (55.5 %) 1644 (59.5 %) 10748 (53.0 %)
 Divorced/separated/widowed 393 (13.7 %) 388 (13.5 %) 390 (13.3 %) 365 (13.0 %) 385 (13.4 %) 473 (14.9 %) 448 (16.2 %) 2842 (14.0 %)
 Single (never married) 1069 (37.3 %) 1060 (36.9 %) 1146 (39.1 %) 891 (31.7 %) 912 (31.7 %) 937 (29.6 %) 673 (24.3 %) 6688 (33.0 %)
Education          
 None/less than primary 552 (38.8 %) 220 (7.7 %) 225 (7.8 %) 206 (7.0 %) 198 (7.1 %) 198 (6.9 %) 221 (7.0 %) 177 (6.4 %) 1997 (9.2 %)
 Incomplete primary 539 (37.9 %) 1230 (42.9 %) 1483 (51.6 %) 1302 (44.4 %) 1026 (36.6 %) 1013 (35.2 %) 1103 (34.8 %) 998 (36.1 %) 8694 (40.0 %)
 Completed primary 189 (13.3 %) 726 (25.3 %) 501 (17.4 %) 688 (23.4 %) 725 (25.8 %) 691 (24.0 %) 744 (23.5 %) 579 (20.9 %) 4843 (22.3 %)
 Secondary or above 143 (10.0 %) 689 (24.0 %) 666 (23.2 %) 738 (25.2 %) 856 (30.5 %) 977 (33.9 %) 1097 (34.7 %) 1011 (36.6 %) 6177 (28.5 %)
HIV serostatus          
 Positive 107 (7.5 %) 210 (7.4 %) 220 (7.7 %) 237 (8.4 %) 239 (8.6 %) 268 (9.4 %) 368 (11.9 %) 310 (11.4 %) 1959 (9.2 %)
Pregnant in last year          
 Yes 400 (28.2 %) 631 (22.4 %) 643 (22.8 %) 698 (24.6 %) 757 (27.0 %) 680 (24.1 %) 736 (23.3 %) 559 (20.5 %) 5104 (23.8 %)
Attended antenatal clinic          
 Yes 556 (87.1 %) 569 (83.4 %) 635 (84.2 %) 583 (85.7 %) 604 (82.4 %) 477 (85.5 %) 3424 (84.6 %)
Women with pregnancy outcome a N = 135 N = 220 N = 216 N = 260 N = 473 N = 463 N = 445 N = 346 N = 2557
 Live birth 119 (88.1 %) 179 (81.4 %) 192 (88.9 %) 218 (83.8 %) 432 (91.3 %) 431 (93.1 %) 402 (90.3 %) 309 (89.3 %) 2282 (89.2 %)
 Still birth 1 (0.7 %) 7 (3.2 %) 4 (1.9 %) 14 (5.4 %) 12 (2.5 %) 7 (1.5 %) 11 (2.5 %) 5 (1.4 %) 61 (2.4 %)
 Abortion 15 (11.1 %) 34 (15.5 %) 20 (9.3 %) 28 (10.8 %) 29 (6.1 %) 25 (5.4 %) 32 (7.2 %) 32 (9.2 %) 215 (8.4 %)
Any adverse pregnancy outcome b 16 (11.9 %) 41 (18.6 %) 24 (11.1 %) 42 (16.2 %) 41 (8.7 %) 32 (6.9 %) 43 (9.7 %) 37 (10.7 %) 276 (10.8 %)
Rates          
 Abortion rate (per 1000 women) c 12.2 13.9 8.0 11.4 10.3 8.7 10.1 12.5 10.5
 Stillbirth rate (per 1000 births) d 8.4 37.6 20.5 60.3 27.0 16.0 26.6 16.5 26.2
 Birth rate per 1000 womene 96.4 73.4 76.5 89.0 153.8 149.7 127.0 112.8 112.8
 Total fertility ratef 3.1 2.5 2.5 2.9 5.2 5.2 4.4 4.5 3.8
  1. aWomen who report a pregnancy in past 12 months who are not still pregnant. bStillbirth, miscarriage or termination. cNumber of abortions per 1000 women of reproductive age (15–49 years). dNumber of stillbirths per 1000 births (live births + stillbirths). eNumber of births per 1000 women of reproductive age (15–49 years). fNumber of births that each woman would have if she were subject to the current age-specific fertility rates (ASFR) throughout her reproductive years (15–49 years). ASFR calculated as [number of births]/[number of women] in each 5-year age band; total fertility rate estimated as ∑(ASFR in each 5-year age band) * 5