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Table 3 C-section rate by women’s characteristics, women having given birth within three years prior to the DHS surveys in 1997, 2003 and 2011, Mozambique (%)

From: Caesarean section rates in Mozambique

  1997 (n = 3224)a 2003 (n = 5411) a 2011 (n = 6256) a P value 11 st vs 2 nd period P value 2 2 nd vs 3 rd period
Age      
 14–19 1.9 3.0 5.6 0.20 <0.01
 20–25 2.9 1.7 4.4 <0.05 <0.01
 26–29 3.5 1.7 4.7 <0.05 <0.01
 30+ 1.6 2.1 4.6 0.41 <0.01
 P value 3 0.07 0.09 0.46   
Education      
 No education 1.4 0.8 2.2 0.10 <0.01
 Primary 3.1 2.3 4.2 0.12 <0.01
 Secondary + 5.1 8.3 11.8 0.26 0.09
 P value 3 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01   
Parity      
 1 3.6 3.8 7.8 0.78 <0.01
 2–3 2.2 2.0 4.2 0.76 <0.01
 4+ 2.1 1.2 3.6 <0.05 <0.01
 P value 3 0.09 <0.01 <0.01   
Wealth quintile      
 Poorest -- 0.2 1.7 -- <0.01
 Poor -- 0.3 2.3 -- <0.01
 Middle -- 0.7 2.7 -- <0.01
 Richer -- 2.1 4.1 -- <0.01
 Richest -- 7.2 12.3 -- <0.01
 P value 3 -- <0.01 <0.01   
  1. aInformation on “whether a woman had or did not have C-section” was missing for 31 women in the 1997 survey and 3 women in 2003