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Table 2 C-section rates by region, urban/rural area and place of delivery, women having given birth within three years prior to the DHS surveys in 1997, 2003 and 2011, Mozambique (%)

From: Caesarean section rates in Mozambique

Region   1997 (n = 3224)a 2003 (n = 5411)a 2011 (n = 6256)a P value1 1 st vs 2 nd period P value 2 2 nd vs 3 rd period
Nationwide Overall 2.5 2.1 4.7 0.19 <0.01
  Urban 6.7 4.7 9.6 <0.05 <0.01
  Rural 1.2 0.6 2.5 <0.05 <0.01
  P value 3 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01   
North Overall 1.7 1.3 2.3 0.42 <0.05
  Urban 9.3 3.5 4.6 <0.05 0.42
  Rural 0.8 0.4 1.6 0.28 <0.01
  P value 3 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01   
Central Overall 1.7 0.6 3.7 <0.01 <0.01
  Urban 5.0 1.6 8.7 <0.01 <0.01
  Rural 1.0 0.2 2.4 <0.01 <0.01
  P value 3 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01   
South Overall 4.0 4.5 8.3 0.51 <0.01
  Urban 6.9 7.5 12.2 0.73 <0.01
  Rural 2.1 1.6 3.9 0.46 <0.01
  P value 3 <0.01 <0.01 <0.01   
Place of delivery Home 0.6 0 0 -- --
  Public health center 2.5 0.4 4.3 <0.01 <0.01
  Public hospital 6.6 9.8 12.6 <0.05 <0.05
  Other 0 3.7 9.3 0.36 0.07
  1. aInformation on “whether a woman had or did not have C-section” was missing for 31 women in the 1997 survey and 3 women in 2003