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Table 7 Odds ratio calculations for women with an EPDS ≥ 13 at booking and pregnancy conditions and events when compared to women with an EPDS ≤12 (ref category is EPDS < 13)

From: Obstetric and psychosocial risk factors for Australian-born and non-Australian born women and associated pregnancy and birth outcomes: a population based cohort study

  OR AOR p
Gestational Diabetes 1.75 (1.09–2.82) 1.85 (1.14–3.03) 0.01
Assisted Reproductive Technology 0.50 (0.12–2.07)   
Ante Partum Haemorrhage 3.39 (1.40–8.23) 2.69 (1.02–7.00) 0.05
Caesarean section 1.08 (0.70–1.66)   
Instrumental delivery 0.94 (0.50–1.78)   
Birth <37 weeks* 1.43 (0.56–3.64)   
Episiotomy 1.16 (0.74–1.81)   
Epidural use 0.95 (0.60–1.51)   
Smoking 1.17 (0.69–2.00)   
Previous pregnancy 1.15 (0.78–1.71)   
  1. *non-tertiary hospital
  2. All significant ORs adjusted for smoking (yes/no), primip (yes/no), age (<20, 20–34, ≥35), BMI (obese yes/no), born in Australia (yes/no)