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Table 6 Associated psychosocial issues for women with an EDS ≤ 12 at booking compared to those with an EPDS ≥13

From: Obstetric and psychosocial risk factors for Australian-born and non-Australian born women and associated pregnancy and birth outcomes: a population based cohort study

  EPDS ≤12 EPDS of ≥13 p OR
Mental health vulnerability risk 55.4 % 100 % <0.001 1.8 (1.74–1.87)
Thoughts of self harm 0.5 % 15.6 % <0.001 38.35 (18.4–79.87)
Domestic violence – any 2.2 % 14.1 % <0.001 7.31 (4.20–12.72)
Smoking risk 10.3 % 11.9 % 0.56 1.17 (0.69–2.01)
Illegal drug use risk 0.6 % 0.0 % 0.35 0.99 (0.99–1.00)
Alcohol consumption risk 0.5 % 0.0 % 0.40 1.00 (0.99–1.00)
Childhood abuse 8.4 % 18.5 % <0.001 2.49 (1.58–3.93)
Pregnancy related anxiety risk 1.6 % 11.9 % <0.001 8.52 (4.63–15.68)
Work/relationship effect risk 6.6 % 36.3 % <0.001 8.10 (5.51–11.90)
Anxiety/depression risk 12.2 % 51.1 % <0.001 7.56 (5.28–10.81)
Worried about mess risk 9.5 % 37.0 % <0.001 5.62 (3.86–8.16)
Positive response to ‘are you generally confident’ question 97.8 % 85.2 % <0.001 0.13 (0.07–0.22)
Recent worry/stress risk 22.1 % 63.7 % <0.001 6.20 (4.31–8.91)
Emotional support risk 3.1 % 10.4 % <0.001 3.61 (1.99–6.56)
Mental health disorder 1.7 % 0.7 % 0.39 0.43 (0.06–3.13)
Family history of mental health disorder 11.6 % 11.1 % 0.85 0.95(0.55–1.65)