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Table 5 Hierarchical regression with demoralisation as the dependent variable

From: Early postnatal demoralisation among primiparous women in the community: measurement, prevalence and associated factors

  Hierarchical linear regression
Independent Variables   Unstandardised regression coefficient (adjusted) p Model R2 p for change in R2
  Model 1    .44 -
Language spoken at home: English   Reference    
Other   0.21 .007   
Education: Up to secondary   Reference    
Certificate/Diploma   0.12 .119   
Tertiary   0.17 .058   
Age: 18-25   −0.15 .093   
26-39   Reference    
40+   0.04 .790   
Psychiatric history   0.09 .183   
PHQ-9a   0.27 .000   
GAD-7a   0.21 .000   
Vulnerable personality characteristicsa   0.05 .000   
  Model 2    .51 .000
Language spoken at home: English   Reference    
Other   0.13 .097   
Education: Up to secondary   Reference    
Certificate/Diploma   0.08 .320   
Tertiary   0.14 .115   
Age: 18-25   −0.15 .078   
26-39   Reference    
40+   −0.00 .990   
Psychiatric history   0.08 .221   
PHQ-9a   0.21 .000   
GAD-7a   0.19 .000   
Vulnerable personality characteristics   0.04 .000   
Self-rated health: Fair to good   Reference    
Very or extremely good   −0.18 .018   
Feeding method: Only breast milk   Reference    
Formula and/or breast milk   −0.05 .377   
Baby crying or fussing: <3 h   Reference    
≥3 h   0.12 .046   
Confidence in going home from hospital   −0.13 .000   
IBM care subscaleb   0.04 .236   
IBM control subscalea   0.10 .006   
  1. The dependent variable, the Demoralisation Scale total score, has been natural log transformed
  2. aNatural log transformed
  3. bReflected and natural log transformed