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Table 3 Odds ratios for uptake of prenatal care and institutional delivery, care in the public sector, and care at tertiary public hospitals, in the two years preceding the study, by maternal characteristics

From: Examining inequalities in uptake of maternal health care and choice of provider in underserved urban areas of Mumbai, India: a mixed methods study

  Prenatal care Delivery care
  OR (95 % CI) aOR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) aOR (95 % CI)
  3 or more prenatal care visits
(reference: <3 visits)
Institutional delivery
(reference: home delivery)
Maternal schooling (y) 1.17 (1.13, 1.22) 1.08 (1.04, 1.13) 1.13 (1.10, 1.16) 1.07 (1.04, 1.10)
Household asset quintile 2.46 (2.08, 2.90) 1.92 (1.59, 2.32) 1.95 (1.75, 2.18) 1.62 (1.43, 1.83)
Duration of residency (y) 1.06 (1.04, 1.08) 1.05 (1.03, 1.07) 1.04 (1.03, 1.05) 1.03 (1.02, 1.04)
Age (y) 0.96 (0.93, 0.98) 1.01 (0.97, 1.05) 0.96 (0.95, 0.98) 1.01 (0.98, 1.03)
Parity 0.81 (0.76, 0.86) 0.79 (0.72, 0.88) 0.84 (0.80, 0.88) 0.82 (0.76, 0.89)
Muslim faith 1.06 (0.72, 1.56) 1.11 (0.74, 1.66) 0.87 (0.65, 1.15) 0.90 (0.67, 1.21)
  Prenatal care in public sector
(reference: private sector)
Delivery in public sector
(reference: private sector)
Maternal schooling (y) 0.96 (0.94, 0.97) 0 .96 (0.94, 0.98) 0.96 (0.94, 0.98) 0.96 (0.94, 0.98)
Household asset quintile 0.72 (0.66, 0.79) 0.70 (0.63, 0.77) 0.73 (0.67, 0.80) 0.71 (0.64, 0.78)
Duration of residency (y) 1.01 (1.00, 1.02) 1.02 (1.01, 1.03) 1.01 (1.00, 1.01) 1.02 (1.01, 1.03)
Age (y) 0.98 (0.96, 0.99) 0.94 (0.92, 0.96) 0.97 (0.96, 0.99) 0.96 (0.93, 0.98)
Parity 0.99 (0.95, 1.04) 1.04 (0.97, 1.11) 0.96 (0.91, 1.00) 0.98 (0.92, 1.05)
Muslim faith 0.58 (0.45, 0.75) 0.51 (0.39, 0.67) 0.63 (0.49, 0.81) 0.58 (0.45, 0.75)
  Prenatal care at tertiary public hospital
(reference: other public facility)
Delivery at tertiary public hospital
(reference: other public facility)
Maternal schooling (y) 1.02 (0.99, 1.05) 1.01 (0.98, 1.04) 1.01 (0.98, 1.04) 1.01 (0.97, 1.04)
Household asset quintile 1.02 (0.91, 1.16) 1.03 (0.90, 1.19) 1.03 (0.90, 1.18) 1.07 (0.92, 1.26)
Duration of residency (y) 0.98 (0.98, 0.99) 0.99 (0.98, 1.00) 0.98 (0.97, 0.99) 0.98 (0.97, 0.99)
Age (y) 0.97 (0.95, 0.99) 1.00 (0.97, 1.03) 0.98 (0.96, 1.01) 1.03 (0.99, 1.06)
Parity 0.88 (0.83, 0.94) 0.87 (0.80, 0.95) 0.88 (0.82, 0.95) 0.84 (0.76, 0.93)
Muslim faith 1.15 (0.87, 1.54) 1.30 (0.96, 1.76) 1.04 (0.74, 1.45) 1.20 (0.84, 1.70)
  1. OR odds ratio from univariable logistic regression model with random effect for cluster, aOR adjusted odds ratio from multivariable logistic regression model, including the other independent variables and random effect for cluster, CI confidence interval, y years