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Table 2 Prenatal care site, by maternal characteristics, for 3819 deliveries in the two years preceding the census

From: Examining inequalities in uptake of maternal health care and choice of provider in underserved urban areas of Mumbai, India: a mixed methods study

     Prenatal care in public sector
  Total <3 prenatal care visits Prenatal care in private sector Prenatal care at tertiary public hospital Prenatal care at smaller public facility
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
All 3819 (100) 242 (6) 1160 (31) 1880 (49) 537 (14)
Maternal education      
 None or informal 1158 (100) 137 (12) 300 (26) 562 (49) 159 (14)
 Primary 234 (100) 14 (6) 54 (23) 124 (53) 42 (18)
 Secondary 2130 (100) 89 (4) 672 (32) 1065 (50) 304 (14)
 Higher 297 (100) 2 (1) 134 (45) 129 (43) 32 (11)
Household asset quintile     
 Quintile 1 765 (100) 114 (15) 152 (20) 377 (49) 122 (16)
 Quintile 2 764 (100) 60 (8) 199 (26) 407 (53) 98 (13)
 Quintile 3 772 (100) 37 (5) 225 (29) 395 (51) 115 (15)
 Quintile 4 755 (100) 19 (3) 234 (31) 393 (52) 109 (14)
 Quintile 5 763 (100) 12 (2) 350 (46) 308 (40) 93 (12)
Duration of residency in Mumbai     
 Less than 1 year 258 (100) 61 (24) 63 (24) 115 (45) 19 (7)
 1–4 years 864 (100) 67 (8) 296 (34) 399 (46) 102 (12)
 5–9 years 557 (100) 35 (6) 173 (31) 262 (47) 87(16)
 10 years or more 2140 (100) 79 (4) 628 (29) 1104 (52) 329 (15)
Age      
 Under 20 139 (100) 4 (3) 31 (22) 86 (62) 18 (13)
 20–29 2823 (100) 166 (6) 846 (30) 1427 (50) 384 (14)
 30–39 795 (100) 67 (8) 263 (33) 338 (43) 127 (16)
 40–49 62 (100) 5 (8) 20 (32) 29 (47) 8 (13)
Parity      
 1 1163 (100) 51 (4) 373 (32) 597 (51) 142 (12)
 2 1007 (100) 49 (5) 297 (29) 518 (52) 143 (14)
 3 758 (100) 53 (7) 217 (29) 372 (49) 116 (15)
 4 405 (100) 26 (7) 123 (30) 195 (48) 61 (15)
 5 or more 486 (100) 63 (13) 150 (31) 198 (41) 75 (15)
Religion      
 Muslim 3161 (100) 198 (6) 1041 (33) 1523 (48) 399 (13)
 Hindu 645 (100) 44 (7) 114 (18) 352 (54) 135 (21)
 Other 13 (100) - 5 (38) 5 (38) 3 (23)
  1. Note: Information missing for 29 women