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Table 7 Prevalence of recorded observations of verbal abuse and lack of privacy from partitions during examination and any aggression and privacy violations during delivery among maternity care clients whose care was observed as part of the Heshima project at baseline (2011) and endline (2014) in 13 facilities in Kenya, n = 1,200*

From: The effect of a multi-component intervention on disrespect and abuse during childbirth in Kenya

  Baseline (n = 677) Endline (n = 523)   
  % (n) % (n) OR (95 % CI)a p-value
During examination
 Non-consented careb 60.7 (410) 80.8 (420) 3.43 (2.52 – 4.66) < .0001
 Verbal abusec 18.1 (122) 14.0 (72) 0.77 (0.55 – 1.09) 0.136
 Lack of privacyd 33.7 (227) 12.8 (66) 0.26 (0.19 – 0.36) <.0001
During delivery
 Physical aggression 3.8 (24) 0.4 (2) 0.11 (0.03 – 0.48) 0.003
 Verbal aggression 10.8 (68) 7.1 (33) 0.68 (0.44 – 1.06) 0.091
 Lack of privacye 91.6 (581) 79.3 (368) 0.31 (0.20 – 0.48) < .0001
Postpartum
 Shared bed 32.9 (210) 44.3 (198) 1.74 (1.33 – 2.28) < .0001
  1. *Missing values < 11 %
  2. aEndline vs. baseline; facility as a random effect to account for clustering
  3. bNot obtaining permission or consent before vaginal exam
  4. cUse of harsh tones, shouting, or non-dignified language
  5. dNo partitions or partitions not closed
  6. eNot covered while being moved from per-labor ward to delivery room; not covered (excluding perineal area) during delivery; partitions not closed