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Table 4 Prevalence of reported disrespect and abuse during labor and delivery of maternity patients participating in baseline (2012) and endline (2014) surveys of the Heshima project in 13 facilities in Kenya, N = 1,369

From: The effect of a multi-component intervention on disrespect and abuse during childbirth in Kenya

  Baseline (N = 641) Endline (N = 728)   
  % (n) % (n) OR (95 % CI)a p-valueb
Feeling humiliated or disrespected 20.1 (129) 13.2 (96) 0.58 (0.43 – 0.79) 0.0004
Physical abuse 4.2 (27) 2.1 (15) 0.47 (0.25 – 0.90) 0.024
Privacy violated 7.4 (47) 5.7 (41) 0.69 (0.44 – 1.08) 0.101
Confidentiality violatedc 3.9 (25) 1.8 (13) 0.45 (0.23 – 0.89) 0.021
Verbal abuse 18.0 (115) 11.3 (82) 0.58 (0.42 – 0.80) 0.001
Detention 8.0 (51) 0.8 (6) 0.09 (0.04 – 0.22) < .0001
Abandonment 12.7 (81) 16.9 (122) 1.28 (0.93 – 1.76) 0.124
  1. aEndline vs. baseline; facility as a random effect to account for clustering
  2. bBased on F test
  3. cDue to a covariance estimate of zero, facility was not included as a random effect