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Table 2 Primary causes of Severe Maternal Outcome (SMO) and Mortality (M) in Rwanda

From: Maternal near miss and mortality in a tertiary care hospital in Rwanda

Condition SMM and M, number (%) Maternal deaths
Peritonitis 58(30) 16
Hemorrhage 45(18.7) 10
Hypertensive disease 55(28.6) 9
Cancer 5(1.5) 4
 -pancreatic (1)
 -breast cancer (2)
 -leukemia (1)
Cardiomyopathy 7(3.6) 3
Malaria 6(3) 2
Pulmonary Embolism 2 (2.2) 0
Pulmonary Disease 1 (1.1) 1
Diabetes 2(2.2)  
 -severe hypoglycemia,
 -diabetic coma
Hepatic Disease 2(2.2) 0
 -cirrhosis
 -hepatic abscess
Neurologic 2(2.2)  
 -stroke postpartum
 -coma of unknown etiology)
Anesthetic complications 2(2.2)  
Epilepsy 1 (1.1) 0
Other* 7(3.6) 5
Total number of patients experiencing severe maternal morbidity + mortalitya 192 50
  1. athe total number of patients =192, although some patients experienced more than one severe morbidity
  2. Other causes of severe maternal morbidity and mortality included: motor vehicle accident (1), Mallory Weiss syndrome (1), tonsillitis treated with traditional medicine resulting in sepsis and death (1), hemothorax(1) anaphylactic shock(1)