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Table 2 Factor analysis for indicators of empowerment (weighted n = 7033 in Senegal; 4445 in Tanzania), Senegal and Tanzania DHS 2010

From: The relationship of women’s status and empowerment with skilled birth attendant use in Senegal and Tanzania

Latent construct Aspects that survey asked Factor loadings
Senegal Tanzania
Household decision-making Decision on own health care 0.916 0.795
Decision on major household purchases 0.869 0.865
Decision on visits to family or relatives 0.851 0.939
Perceptions of gender norms against violence Violence if going out without telling husband 0.917 0.890
Violence if neglects the children 0.933 0.922
Violence if argues with him 0.963 0.929
Violence if refuses to have sex with him 0.911 0.883
Violence if burnsthe food 0.822 0.863
Perceptions of gendernorms for sex negotiation Perceived ability in refusing sex 0.803 0.844
Perceived ability in asking condom use 0.771 0.693
  1. Factor loadings from the three factor models are presented. All the loadings are significant at p < 0.05
  2. Model fit statistics: [EFA for Senegal] RMSEA = 0.034, CFI = 0.996, TLI = 0.989, SRMS = 0.013
  3. [EFA for Tanzania] RMSEA = 0.036, CFI = 0.996, TLI = 0.989, SRMS = 0.018