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Table 1 Characteristics of participating women who gave birth(s) in last five years (weighted n = 7033 in SN; n = 4445 in TZ), Senegal and Tanzania DHS 2010

From: The relationship of women’s status and empowerment with skilled birth attendant use in Senegal and Tanzania

Variables Senegal Tanzania
Freq Weighted   Freq Weighted
Mean or Proportion SE Mean or Proportion SE
Outcome
 Skilled Birth Attendant (SBA) use at the last birth 4251 66.30 1.27 2233 50.95 1.51
Demographics and perceived accessibility of health care
 Education       
  Formal education attendance (in years)   1.79 0.08   5.01 0.10
  No formal education 5577 70.54 1.21 1082 24.42 1.22
  Primary attended 1384 20.74 1.01 2771 68.93 1.18
  Secondary or above attended 490 8.71 0.57 556 6.65 0.52
 Age at childbirth   29.40 0.12   29.38 0.15
 Household wealth quintile       
  Poorest 2264 22.38 1.31 818 19.58 1.08
  Poorer 1882 20.95 1.18 957 22.61 0.96
  Middle 1534 19.19 1.13 905 21.47 0.92
  Richer 1056 19.85 1.34 954 19.99 1.12
  Richest 715 17.63 1.12 775 16.35 1.14
 Employment for payment       
  Employed (currently or last 12 months) 3386 46.04 1.12 1717 38.07 1.10
 Parity (Total # of children ever born to women)   3.81 0.04   3.90 0.05
 Marital relationships       
  Monogamous union 4909 68.19 0.83 3394 78.87 0.53
  Polygamous as 1st wife 991 12.73 0.44 434 8.97 0.53
  Polygamous as 2nd or lower 1550 19.08 0.55 549 12.16 0.82
 Household head 322 4.98 0.38 251 5.67 0.47
 Place of residence       
  Urban 2267 39.95 1.62 878 21.67 1.18
  Rural 5184 60.05 1.62 3531 78.33 1.18
 Having son(s) 5687 80.87 0.63 3618 81.38 0.67
 Perceived difficulty in accessing health care (Mean, scored 0–4)   1.23 0.04   0.53 0.02
Women’s empowerment proxy measures
 Household decision-making power (scored 0–3)   0.92 0.03   1.43 0.02
 Perceptions against violence (0–5)   2.80 0.05   3.16 0.04
 Perceptions for sex negotiation (0–2)   0.60 0.02   1.38 0.02
 Age at first marriage   18.29 0.10   18.28 0.06
  1. Characteristics related to births were also assessed including all births that women delivered in the last five years (weighted birth n = 10,668 in SN; n = 6748 in TZ). The proportion of SBA use at the recent birth(s) was 64.6 % in SN; 47.5 % in TZ. The mean of birth order of each birth was 3.67 in SN; 3.75 in TZ. The proportion of births that took place when women had living son(s) was 60.2 % in SN; 62.3 % in TZ
  2. Frequency missing with demographic characteristics = 32 (with marital relationships), and 17 (with perceived difficulty in accessing health care) in Tanzania. Missing = 1 (with marital relationships) in Senegal