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Table 2 Knowledge scores by education level

From: Development and initial testing of a GDM information website for multi-ethnic women with GDM

   Education Total
   11 years or fewer - Not completed high school More than 12 years - Completed high school
GDM score change from pre to post* Improved or stayed at 100 % 7 5 12
87.5 % 55.6 % 70.6 %
Stayed the same if below 100 %, or worsened 1 4 5
12.5 % 44.4 % 29.4 %
Total 8 9 17
100.0 % 100.0 % 100.0 %
Food score change from pre to post** Improved or stayed at 100 % 6 3 9
66.7 % 33.3 % 50.0 %
Stayed the same if below 100 %, or worsened 3 6 9
33.3 % 66.7 % 50.0 %
Total 9 9 18
100.0 % 100.0 % 100.0 %
Self-management score change from pre to post*** Improved or stayed at 100 % 5 2 7
55.6 % 20.0 % 36.8 %
Stayed the same if below 100 %, or worsened 4 8 12
44.4 % 80.0 % 63.2 %
Total 9 10 19
100.0 % 100.0 % 100.0 %
  1. *Fisher’s Exact test P-value for an association between GDM score improvement and Education = 0.294
  2. **Fisher’s Exact test P-value for an association between Food score improvement and Education = 0.347
  3. ***Fisher’s Exact test P-value for an association between Self-management score improvement and Education = 0.170