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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the sample (n = 540)

From: Sociodemographic and clinical features of postpartum depression among Turkish women: a prospective study

  PPD group (EPDS ≥ 13) n = 83 No PPD (EPDS < 13) n = 457 t/ χ 2 value Significance P
Age (years) Mean ± SD 25.4 (±5.60) 26.26 (±5.05) 1.35 0.17
Duration of Education (year) 8.13 (±3.05) 8.64 (±3.30) 1.30 0,19
Duration of Marriage 5.69 (5.28) 5.52 (4.76) −0.27 0,78
Family type     
 Nuclear family n (%) 53 (14.7) 307 (85.3) 0.37 0.54
 Extended family n (%) 29 (16.8) 144 (83.2)   0.52-1.40
Income     
 Lower 28 (18.2) 126 (81.8) 3.96 0.13
 Moderate 40 (15.3) 221 (84.7)   
 Higher 9 (9.1) 90 (90.9)   
Employment status, n (%)     
 Employed 4 (6.7) 56 (93.3) 3.93 0,03*
 Housewife 79 (16.5) 401 (83.5)   0.97-7.82
Number of children     
 0 39 (14.1) 238 (85.9) 3.27 0.35
 1 25 (15.3) 138 (84.7)   
 2 16 (22.5) 55 (77.5)   
 3 3 (12.5) 21 (87.5)   
  1. Abbreviations: PPD Postpartum depression, SD Standard Deviation, EPDS Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale *: statistically significant p < 0.05.